He was an educated mestizo that reached the pinnacle of political power during his time. However, the name change caused confusion in the business affairs of Francisco, most of which were begun under the old name. Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of sedition and executed on December 30, 1896, at age 35. He changed his surname to protect his identity. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The new name, however, caused confusion in the commercial affairs of the family. Francisco Mercado was born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818. There he became a tenant farmer of the Dominican-owned hacienda and later became one of the town’s wealthiest men. For instance, it reveals that Jose was very much against women who allow themselves to be courted outside their homes. Jose’s Father, Francisco adopted the surname ‘Rizal’ (originally Ricial, the green of young growth or green fields), which was suggested to him by a provincial governor, or as Jose described him, “a friend of the family”. In order to hide this shameful act, Saturnina went out on a vacation with her mother Teodora, only to come back later with a newborn child. He changed his surname to protect his identity. So he just used his middle name, Rizal, instead, which was considered as illustrado during the Spanish time and entails the benefits a Spaniard can get. Rizal's surname Domingo Lam-Co, the great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal, decided to use Mercado as his surname in 1731 to match his profession, being a merchant. Domingo Lam-Co, the great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal, decided to use Mercado as his surname in 1731 to match his profession, being a merchant. To steer clear of the anti-Chinese hostility of the Spanish authorities, Lam-co changed the family surname to the Spanish Mercado (“market”), which also signified their merchant roots. So his … Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. Surname “Rizal” His real and complete name was Dr. José Rizal Protasio Mercado y Alonso Realonda. They were allocated to us by decree. He should have been Jose Mercado right?So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? The name was suggested by a provincial governor who is a friend of the family. One example was Dr. José Rizal’s mother. According to Dr. Jose Rizal, his mother, Teodora Alonzo and Uncle Jose Alberto, came from the marriage of Joaquina Brigida de Quintos and Lorenzo Alberto. Teodora came with daughter Saturnina. ( Log Out /  Colorado had the highest population of Rizal families in 1920. The name is derived from Spanish " rizal " or "ricial," meaning "verdant" or "green" (as ricestalk), the main agricultural crop of their family industry. Lorenzo was from Biñan, Laguna. Afterward, Rizal spent three months in the nearby village, Wilhemsfeld where he wrote the last few chapters of ‘Noli Me Tangere’. After his parents’ death, he moved to Calamba. Surname information is crowd-sourced; the Geni community would be grateful if you helped update this page with information about the Rizal surname. Teodora Alonzo died on August 16, 1911 at the age of 84. As already noted, Teodora Alonso had a trace of Japanese ancestry. Many wonder why he used “Rizal” while his father was Francisco Mercado. Share some things about the Rizal name. The Rizals is considered one of the biggest families during their time. Domingo Lam-co, the family’s paternal ascendant was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th century and married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Ines de la Rosa. Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Jose's father Francisco adopted the surname "Rizal" (originally Ricial, the green of young growth or green fields), which was suggested to him by a provincial governor, or as Jose had described him, "a friend of the family". If this story is true, this could have been the real reason why Teodora Formoso hated Teodora Alonzo. She was also traced to Eugenio Ursua whose ancestors came from Japan. Jose Rizal and his family got the surname 'Rizal' from his Chinese ancestor Domingo Lameo. The Rizal family is considered as one of the largest families during the… .Historical accounts say that this was done by Spanish officials to harass the Rizals who were suspected to have secret connections with the insurrectos. José Rizal, son of a Filipino father and a Chinese mother, came from a wealthy family. • Later, Francisco's grandson and namesake, Rizal's father, changed the family name to Rizal to suit his farming business, since Rizal is derived from the Spanish ricial, which means green fields. The story is that Jose Alberto found out that Teodora Formoso (his wife) was having an affair. When he studied in Manila at the Jesuit Ateneo Municipal school, he changed his name to “Jose Rizal” because his brother, Paciano Mercado, was wanted by the colonial authorities for being an associate of the martyred priest, Fr. Some of the explanations with this are: Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. Jose Rizal’s parents are Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonso (Rizal, 2011). In order to avoid detection, he used the name Jose Mercado, name of his cousin in Calamba. Rizal Enters the Universityizal entered UST in April 1877 and took up Philosophy andLetters.easons why he took it: • His father liked it • He was still uncertain as to what career to pursuet the first year, he also studied Cosmology, Metaphysics,Theodicy and History of Philosophy.r. How Jose Obtained the ‘Rizal’ Last Name. Rizal apparently came from a Chinese-Filipino descent – Francisco Mercado Y Chinco. Some issues says that Jose Rizal’s grandmother, Brigida Quintos was “another woman.” Rizal’s grandfather, Lorenzo Alberto’s legal wife was Paula Florentino of Vigan who was younger by twelve years. Teodora Alonzo with her half-brother Jose Alberto was charged for attempting to poison the other Teodora (Jose Albeto’s wife). The Rizal surname was obtained by Francisco Mercado as suggested to him by a provincial governor after the Governor General of the Philippines, Narciso Claveria, issued a decree in 1849 by which native Filipino and immigrant families were to adopt Spanish surnames from a list of Spanish family names. The life of Jose Rizal was a truly inspiring story. Also called ‘Choleng,’ Soledad Rizal (1870-1929) was the youngest child of the Rizal family. Had his ancestral family name been carried through, national hero Jose Rizal would have been known as Jose Co, the great-great grandson of Siang Co and Zun Nio from Fujian, China. Some historians however say that the siblings later claimed legitimacy by stating that Paula Florentino, the legal wife was their lawful mother. You can see how Rizal families moved over time by selecting different census years. If this story was indeed true, this may be the reason behind the conflict between the Alonzos and the Alberto clan. She was the second daughter of Lorenzo Alberto Alonso who was a former representative of Spanish Cortes and Brigida de Quintos whose parents were Manuel de Quintos, of a well-known family in Pangasinan and Regina Ursua who was the daughter of Benigna and Eugene Ursua. Being a teacher, she was arguably the best educated among Rizal’s sisters. José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province. José changed his surname from Mercado to his middle name, " Rizal." Jose Burgos, and Paciano feared that Rizal would not be accepted under his real name. . Popular history texts say that Teodora Alonzo was made to walk from Calamba to Sta. Their daughter, Regina, married Manuel de Quintos, Filipino-Chinese lawyer from Pangasinan. To hide this shameful act, Saturnina went out in a vacation accompanied by Teodora only to come back later with a newborn child. This section is a placeholder for information about the Rizal surname. So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? Contrary to this Teodora was charged and convicted for attempted murder and was sent to prison with Jose Alberto. Textbook history has led us to believe that the Rizal-Mercado family was one of wealth and importance. This was about 67% of all the recorded Rizal's in the USA. This is the reason why in the Philippines, we carry Hispanic surnames. For one semester, I’ve known who… Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. This was the reason why Jose’s wife, Teodora Formoso, developed animosity towards Teodora. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The name ‘Francisco’ was in high honor in Laguna for it had belonged to a famous sea captain who had been given the ENCOMIENDA of BAY for his services. 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