- ¿De dónde? Interrogative definition, of, relating to, or conveying a question. As in English, questions can be formed in Spanish without the interrogatives, although Spanish is more flexible in its word order. - ¿Cuales? Take advantage of our easy to use chart to learn 25 Spanish vocabulary words. Exercise IV: Work on the difference between qué, cuál, and cuáles. In written Spanish, all you have to do is frame what you want to ask with question marks (¿?). All Free. Erichsen, Gerald. Given a word in English and scrambled letters, you must rearrange the letters to correctly spell the Spanish translation. All of these words have an accent. All these questions follow the traditional subject-verb-object order of Spanish (which happens to be the same order used in most English phrases). When you're reading, that question mark tells you right away that what follows is a question, and you can adjust your intonation accordingly. To ask a yes or no question in Spanish, you simply put question marks around a normal sentence. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (In what office do you work? Start studying Spanish Interrogative Words (Question Words). En español, las oraciones interrogativas se pueden formar mediante entonación. ), ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? - ¿Por qué? Many of the interrogative pronouns also can be used in indirect questions (as opposed to questions) while retaining the accent mark. Let's start answering it by looking at the different types of questions. interrogative - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Use of interrogative words, and inverted question mark. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary. ), Quién changes to Quiénes when it is plural, Cuánto has a feminine form, Cuánta, and both the masculine and the feminine forms add an "s" at the end to mark the plural (Cuántos and Cuántas), ¿En qué oficina trabajas? Also, some of the pronouns exist in singular and plural forms and (in the case of cuánto) masculine and feminine forms that should match the noun they stand for. 2. How Does Spanish Use Upside-Down Question and Exclamation Marks? Spanish audio component to improve pronunciation and interactive quiz to practice grammar Check out the 3 day lesson plan and activity packet to go with this song at: http://www.senorashby.com/thewordque.html To start with, some Spanish question words can vary according to the number and gender of the person or thing they are referring to: When a preposition is needed, it is always added before the pronoun: These combinations of preposition + question word are called question phrases. Spanish is the only major language to use it, and it is used at the start of every question. What. This adjective is used when there is a real or imaginary list of things to choose from or when those options are available when speaking. (With whom do you go to the theater? ), ¿Cómo aprendiste inglés? Learn more. Accordingly, they are also the easiest questions to form. ¿Cuándo? (How many brothers does Juan have? ), ¿Cuántos hermanos tiene Juan? In Spanish, asking a question that can be answered sí or no is extremely easy. List of Spanish question words or interrogative words What? As you continue studying, you'll pick up more of these combinations naturally - so just concern yourself with USING one question word at a time. They can be used in direct and indirect questions. Questions are a great part of languages. (Does Juan speak English? Interrogative pronouns are always written with an accent in order to differentiate them from the relative pronouns que, el cual and quien. Las palabras interrogativas: Interrogative Words - Exercise 1 Select the correct interrogative word. Learn the Difference Between 'Por Qué' and 'Para Qué' in Spanish, Translating "Here" and "There" While Speaking Spanish, How To Use Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish. Unfortunately, they are not just interchangeable, but there are some simple rules to … (When is your birthday? Learn List of Spanish interrogatives. Spanish Grammar - Interrogative words - part one. (Where does Juan live? Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368. It is a good introduction to the subject. Start studying Spanish Interrogative Words (Question Words). ), ¿Quién es tu profesor? In English, an interrogative pronoun is one of the words who , which , whose , whom , and what when they are used without a noun to ask questions. Interrogative pronouns are those pronouns that are used almost exclusively in questions. The Interrogative pronouns (pronombres interrogativos), or question words, in Spanish grammar are qué, quién and cuál. The following questions are all correct and ask the same thing: In spoken Spanish, you can differentiate yes or no question from regular sentences by their rising intonation. ), La casa es grande (The house is big) → ¿La casa es grande? They don't have such a catchy name in Spanish, but they are also headed by a question word. (How did you learn English? Where is the library? Exercise II: More practice selecting the correct interrogative word. / ¿Cuáles? There are three Spanish interrogative pronouns that can be translated to the English word what: qué, cuál, and cómo. (Who is it?) man, dog, house). They can make you think, they can spark a conversation, and they can even help you let someone know you care. ¿Qué? In English, they are often known as Wh- questions, since they are often headed by question words such as "why" or "what". The noun can either appear immediately after the verb or appear later in the sentence. This lesson presents a very practical way to look at interrogatives as a group without inviting the problems of classifying them as pronouns or adverbs. Open questions are the ones that will get you detailed answers. (2020, August 26). (more than one person) - ¿Quiénes? To say ‘which’ in Spanish, for example when you have to … Online Quizzes for CliffsNotes Spanish I QuickReview, 2nd Edition Quiz: Interrogative Pronouns (Question Words) Previous Interrogative Pronouns Question Words Cómo how Cuál which one Cuáles which ones Cuándo when: Cuánto(a) how much/many Dónde where Adónde (to) where De dónde (from) where: Learn about interrogative 1 in Spanish while playing the Spanish Sentence Quiz. That said, it is possible to alter that order. - ¿Cuándo? ), ¿Con quién vas al teatro? There are a few differences between English and Spanish question words. Why? Which ones? ), Tú hablas inglés, ¿verdad? ), ¿Dónde vive Juan? qué — what (The phrases por qué and para qué are usually translated as "why." Note also that many of the interrogative pronouns can be used as other parts of speech, including adjectives and adverbs, either with or without the accent marks, depending on the context. These are the questions that will get you the simpler answers (yes, no, or I don't know). To whom? All Rights Reserved, Juan habla inglés (Juan speaks English) → ¿Juan habla inglés? Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. It's really just a matter of learning the vocabulary. The question word or phrase is always followed by the verb. As you may have noticed, the interrogative pronouns are all spelled with accent marks that do not affect the pronunciation. Literally, how many years do you have? or what?) ), ¿Cuál es tu libro favorito? Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. (meaning which? ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? Here are the words to help you solve all the world's mysteries. As you may already have guessed, this means we no longer need a noun in the question. Erichsen, Gerald. Exercise III: You provide the interrogative word. Have the groups be the same, but switch the parts. ¿qué? ¿Adónde va Raúl? In English, they are often known as Wh- questions, since they are often headed by question words such as "why" or "what". (Who is your friend?) Select the correct interrogative word. ¿A quiénes conociste? Do the partner conversation. ThoughtCo. ¿Cuál? Our next interrogative is the word “what.” This one’s so commonly used … Where? (In packet) (5-10 minutes)-One practice round, then the final competition. The words in square brackets like [this] are optional. The answer to that question, fortunately, is not too complicated. "Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish." This means that the pitch of your voice rises as you finish the question. doesn’t change for the feminine and plural forms. When? Following are the interrogative pronouns in Spanish with their translations and examples of their usage. ), ¿Qué quieres estudiar? ¿Cuál? Note that in some cases the pronouns can vary in translation when they follow a preposition. (Why do you study Spanish? How to ask questions and write sentences in Spanish. (How old are you? They... dónde — where — … Spanish question words. (Is the house big? https://www.thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368 (accessed January 25, 2021). Exercise V: Listen to the question and select the correct answer Here are the most common question words in Spanish: Qué. Here are some more examples where you can see this in action: By now, you have probably noticed that opening question mark. (one person) - ¿Quién? — ¿Qué? Note that like all other Spanish question words, qué and cuánto have accents on them. When for example somebody asks you for your name you have to use cuál because in Spanish, there’s an imaginary “list” of potential names you could have. The interrogative clause can be formed by inflection in Spanish. - ¿Qué? Which in Spanish: ¿Cuál/ Cuáles? Learn About Spanish Interrogative Pronouns, Orthographic Accents in Spanish Statements, 4 Spanish Words and a Phrase You Can Use for 'What'. In Spanish, the general form is for the noun to follow the verb. = Which? ), ¿Por qué estudias español? A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. Scored. In Spanish the interrogative adjectives are qué (meaning which or what) and cuánto / cuánta / cuántos / cuántas (meaning how much/how many). Complete the sentence by selecting the correct word from the dropdown. Here we discuss how to ask "who," "which," "what," and "when." (in packet) (10-15 minutes)-Have the students do the conversation again in Spanish. For questions beginning with “which one”, use “Cuál” and answer with “El/La + adjective”, e.g. / ¿A quienes? (Literally: To … Erichsen, Gerald. When the subject is not represented by the question word, it is added right after the verb. Who? Where…from? (Who is your teacher? This means that sometimes it can appear in the middle of a sentence: Although it might seem like an unnecessary nuance, it does have an advantage. interrogative translate: interrogativo, interrogatorio/oria [masculine-feminine, singular], interrogativo/iva…. / Which ones? - ¿Dónde? Basically, you use “qué” when you have no idea what something is, but “cuál” when there’s … ¿Quién es? - ¿A quién? ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368. - ¿Cuál? Por qué is more common than para qué. It shouldn't be followed by any kind of punctuation other than an exclamation mark, and the adjacent word is always capitalized. And remember- questions in Spanish begin with the upside down question mark. Principal Translations: Inglés: Español: interrogative adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." ¿Cuál te gusta más? Spanish grammar lesson 14: Interrogative Words - part one ¿Quién? interrogative - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. Spanish question word + conjugated verb + Subject (optional) + content of our question Regarding the answers, try to use the main verb in the question in your reply. What? See more. In both Spanish and English, interrogative pronouns are typically placed at or very near the beginning of a sentence. "Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish." These worksheets, posters, conversation cards and fun mingle activity provide students ample opportunities to … ), ¿Cuántos años tienes? Now that you understand Spanish interrogatives, start trying to ask some simple questions to use what you have learned. Here are the most common question words in Spanish: Although they don't affect the pronunciation, the accent marks in these question words are particularly important, since they are what sets them apart from relative pronouns, so don't forget to include them! So, here's a good question: How do interrogatives work in Spanish? Some question words can also form question phrases with nouns: Unlike yes or no questions, open questions do sometimes require an inversion in their word order. 3. Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish. You will also learn the plural interrogative if there is one. ). Where is Raul going? The pronoun is the only word needed. (Does Rosario drink coffee? (questioning) interrogativo/a adj adjetivo: Describe el sustantivo.Puede ser posesivo, numeral, demostrativo ("casa [b]grande[/b]", "mujer [b]alta[/b]"). (At least the mysteries in the Spanish-speaking world.) They don't have such a catchy name in Spanish, but they are also headed by a question word. interrogative definition: 1. a word or sentence used when asking a question: 2. the form of a sentence that is used for…. Spanish Interrogative words are extremely necessary when learning the language. Interrogative pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish What is an interrogative pronoun? In spoken Spanish, you simply raise the pitch of your voice at the end of the question. Have a "The Word Qué means what" singing competition rematch. Question words can obviously be used in conjunction with other vocabulary, such as the examples provided in the list with prepositions. Interactive spelling game tests your knowledge of Spanish using words from the category INTERROGATIVE 1. and ¿Cuál? Who? Study online or print them out and take them with you. Also see: Interrogative Words - part two (Which is your favorite book? ), Rosario toma café (Rosario drinks coffee) → ¿Rosario toma café? 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