How to Care for a Black Gum Tree. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article … The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. All Rights Reserved. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Description Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. As the tree ages, its distinctive bark … As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. It is found in moist areas of the eastern United States from Maine south to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. But it can also grow to become a tall tree in less moist areas. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. Eucalyptus Trees: In addition to having shallow root systems and brittle branches, these trees are extremely messy. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. ... Black Tupelo Kimber Redmond 2020-09-16T01:04:34-07:00. Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Distribution: Eastern North America. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees … The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The black tupelo is also known as the blackgum, sourgum, or Pepperidge tree. E: rhododendron@vdberk.de Individual male flowers are about 1/8" (3 mm.) Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Resource PortalOur resource portal offers a large amount of information on the Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. FACT: In Marthas Vineyard in America, this species is called “beetlebung”, possibly due to its use in making the mallet Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. USDA Department of Agriculture. Here is some general information on tupelo trees. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica. In the autumn, the tree is especially lovely, decked out in dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints. selection of a suitable tree. The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung.This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Demands: Works well in a sheltered non north facing aspect, prefers full sun / partial shade, Nyssa With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. Small greenish white flowers are borne in clusters on long stalks and are an important nectar source for bees. Read more, T: +31 (0) 413 - 480 480 Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. In the autumn, the black tupelo displays a range of brilliant orange, red, and purple fall color. This tree naturally occurs in swampy areas in the eastern regions of North America. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. F: +49 (0) 4483 - 930 50 14 Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Fissured grey bark provides winter interest. This tree naturally occurs in swampy areas in the eastern regions of North America. Distribution: Eastern North America. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. Black Tupelo. horizontal branches. Black Tupelo Called “one of the best and most consistent native trees for fall color” by tree expert Michael Dirr, the black tupelo is a terrific landscaping choice. Crown width approx. Copyright © 2020 DEEPDALE TREES. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. E: info@vdberk.com Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. The black tupelo is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions and is … Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. attracts bees and other insects. The broad, pyramidal crown is formed by branches that later hang straight down. Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. The black gum tree is good in partial shade as well as open situations. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour. )-A medium-sized tree of variable shape, 50 to 100 feet high, with short, rigid, twiggy, horizontal branches. Description Black tupelo (also known as black gum or sour gum) is a Midwest and east coast native that is not all that common here on the west coast, but one that should be as it has shining dark green summer foliage, spectacular red fall color, and a tough urban resiliency. Leaves are smooth edged and a little thicker than the rest of the leaf. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. Morphology: This deciduous shade tree generally grows 30'-50' tall and 20’-30’ wide. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Grows 30'-50' high, with a 20'-30' spread. Black Tupelo trees used for screening where there is not enough space for a tree that gets very large. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. FOLIAGE: Simple, alternate leaves that are shiny and dark green in the summer, brilliant red in the fall. Types of Black Gum Tree The glossy leaves are oval to inverse ovoid. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. sylvatica info sheet, Deepdale Trees are expert growers and wholesalers of the UK's finest semi-mature trees and shrubs. Call Big Trees today in Hillsboro to know more! Vanderbilt University Bioimages Displaying various hues of yellow, orange, bright red and purple—often on the same branch—its foliage is a stand-out of the autumn season. Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. USGS Tree Species Distribution Range Maps. This tree naturally occurs in swampy areas in the eastern regions of North America. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. known as a beetle, used for hammeting the bungs (stoppers) into wine barrels. soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. Wikipedia Creative Commons. This eventually produces a broad, ovoid, almost round crown. It is a highly adaptable tree, growing about a foot each year in nearly all conditions. AKA Black gum tree, Tupelo tree, Black tupelo tree, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Beetlebung They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. Alternative Titles: Nyssa sylvatica, black tupelo, pepperidge tree, sour gum Black gum, (Nyssa sylvatica), also called sour gum or black tupelo, tupelo tree (family Nyssaceae) prized for its brilliant scarlet autumnal foliage. Wikispecies Species Directory. soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. A black tupelo is a deciduous tree. This typically medium-sized tree sometimes grows to 90 or 100 feet in height. being very popular with small birds it’s flowers which are produced in greenish-white clusters at the top of a long stalk, produce nectar which Our clientele includes landscapers, landscape architects and garden designers, as well as major construction firms. broad pyramidal to broad ovoid, half-open crown, capricious growing, trunk dark grey and grooved, twigs greenish brown, inverse ovoid to oval, dark green, 5 -12 cm, usually not toxic to people, (large) pets and livestock, suitable for wet soil, withstand long flood, aluable for bees (honey plant), provides food for birds, parks, tree containers, cemeteries, roof gardens, large gardens, clearstem tree, feathered tree, multi-stem treem, trained-low, central and eastern USA as far south as north-eastern Mexico. The black tupelo is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions and is … The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung.This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. It is largely pest and disease free and is low maintenance with little pruning needed on this relatively slow growing tree. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees. These trees are identifiable by their simple oblong leaves about 5 inches long and light brown deeply furrowed bark. But it can also grow to become a tall tree in less moist areas. market. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." Wood is spirally F: +31 (0) 413 - 480 490 If you need representative images for your tree pages, check out these resources. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Male flowers are produced in small umbels on slender peduncles about ½-1" long. Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to orange, often downy. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Blackgum (Black Tupelo, Sour Gum) Nyssa sylvatica "Tupelo" is a Native American Indian name. It has many of the same characteristics and uses as black tupelo. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. It is of particular environmental value for as well as producing black-blue ovoid fruit about 10mm long with thin oily, bitter/sour tasting flesh Makes a strong specimen tree. Landscape Attributes. As the tree ages, its distinctive bark … Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Bark: gray or dark brown; thick, rough, deeply furrowed into rectangular or irregular ridges Shape: dense, conical or sometimes flat-topped crown, many slender nearly horizontal branches The bark is gray to light brown and is blocky, due to the shallow, irregular furrows, which resembles alligator skin. Grows 30'-50' high, with a 20'-30' spread. In the autumn, the black tupelo displays a range of brilliant orange, red, and purple fall color. Nyssa sylvatica – Black tupelo, Black gum. All the knowledge.Almost all of the trees. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. W: www.vdberk.com, T: +49 (0) 4483 - 930 50 13 Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its … Genus Nyssa are deciduous trees with ovate leaves colouring brilliantly in autumn; inconspicuous flowers are followed by small, dull purple fruits Details N. sylvatica is a small, slow-growing deciduous tree of elegant, broadly conical habit. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. E: geldern@vdberk.de Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year. But it can also grow to become a tall tree in less moist areas. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The brilliant scarlet colors of autumn leaves are among the first to develop as the seasons change. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. The bark is constantly peeling off, leaving a mess of dried bark below. It is a hardy specimen and whilst preferring moist fertile well drained Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and is primarily known for its spectacular autumn colors. Often crowded toward the tips of branches. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. Elevation-wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to … Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Flowers: Blackgum is primarily dioecious which means that there are male trees and female trees; however, sometimes both flower parts can occur on the same tree. It is a highly adaptable tree, growing about a foot each year in nearly all conditions. The broad, pyramidal crown is formed by branches tha… Read more Displaying various hues of yellow, orange, bright red and purple—often on the same branch—its foliage is a stand-out of the autumn season. One characteristic of this tree is the conspicuously swollen base. across, consisting of a shallow green calyx with barely discernible teeth, insignificant green petals, and 5-10 spreading stamens with long filaments. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Ovate leaves to 15cm in length turn brilliant red and yellow in autumn. Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. JSTOR Plants Database. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. W: www.vdberk.de. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The roots grow very deeply, making the tree difficult to transplant. Black Tupelo Tree OTHER COMMON ... BARK: It is gray to dark brown or black, deeper fissured on older trunks. The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. The furrowed black bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Black Tupelo Called “one of the best and most consistent native trees for fall color” by tree expert Michael Dirr, the black tupelo is a terrific landscaping choice. The fissured grey bark provides winter interest, and the fall fireworks show is truly spectacular! Leaves change from green/orange quickly to red with mottled darker red splotches that make it deeper in color, but simultaneously more brilliant than many of the maple cultivars. The leaves range in length from 2 … Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Prefers well-drained, acid soils, and full sun to partial shade. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. The simple glossy leaves are entire to slightly toothed or wavy and are usually elliptic in shape. Tupelo Tower Black Gum is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. W: www.vdberk-rhododendron.de, T: +49 (0) 2831 - 974 69 60 Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The black tupelo is also known as the blackgum, sourgum, or Pepperidge tree. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. 12 m. Young branches have round lenticels. 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