Sherman's work is central in the era of intense consumerism and image proliferation at the close of the 20th century. She would then go out so that others could see her "work." See more ideas about cindy sherman, sherman, cindy sherman photography. In 2016 Sherman was awarded the Praemium Imperiale prize in painting, a category that also encompasses photography. Updates? Cindy Sherman: Empathetic Artist Should Cindy Sherman be viewed an artist poking fun at society and the disenfranchised people or as a photographer encouraging society to re-examine its obsession with youth and status? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Both terms refer to American artists' mimicking, in the first half of the 1980s, former art masterpieces or widely circulating images in the mass media, and critically reworking them to arouse a sense of unease in the viewer, indeed often suggesting that culture had become largely a game of theatrical posing and egoistic pretense. Cindy Sherman - the Photographer of Performance As a performative photographer, Sherman’s process of creation begins with hours of preparations, such as layering on the wigs, prosthetics, make-up and carefully chosen clothes, everything with the aim of embodying the things and expectations imposed on women by society and culture. Untitled Film Still #13 issues from Sherman's epic "Untitled Film Still" series (they did not actually derive from a larger movie) of the late 1970s, by which she first made a widespread reputation for herself as a witty commentator on the female role models of her youth, as well as those of an earlier generation. Sexual desire and domination, the fashioning of self identity as mass deception, these are among the unsettling subjects lying behind Sherman's extensive series of self-portraiture in various guises. Others, understand Sherman's approach as critically-ironic parody of female stereotypes. Cindy Sherman belongs to the so-called Pictures Generation, a group of American artists raised in the golden era of mass media, the booming Fifties, and come of age in the turbulent and disillusioned early Seventies. ", "The way I see it, as soon as I make a piece I’ve lost control of it. Photography by Jason Schmid t. February 20, 2017 This article originally appeared in the December 2013 issue of Architectural Digest. In self-reflexive photographs and films, Cindy Sherman invents myriad guises, metamorphosing from Hollywood starlet to … She was born on 19 January 1954 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. Her works can rely on shock, surprise but also beauty. This seemingly inconsequential gift would prove a pivotal moment in Sherman’s life, for it was through this pile of clothes that Sherman learned the power of transformation: through these items, she could inhabit a myriad of alter-egos. Cindy Sherman’s use of photography in the late 70s and early 80s was met with criticism from both “the painting and sculpture world [who] looked down on people who used photography” and the “photo world [who] looked down on those who had one foot in the art world” (Schor, 18-19). Cindy Sherman is an American photographer and filmmaker whose self-portraits offer critiques of gender and identity. To me it was a way to make the best out of what I liked to do privately, which was to dress up. Sometimes I disappear. At first painting in a super-realist style in art school during the aftermath of American Feminism, Sherman turned to photography toward the end of the 1970s in order to explore a wide range of common female social roles, or personas. Facts about Cindy Sherman 1: the early life Cindy Sherman at MoMA. Some critics criticize Sherman's Film Stills for catering to the male gaze and perpetuating the objectification of women. If you find yourself saying that, not just once but again and again and again, you are not alone. Sherman grew up on Long Island, New York. Her work became less ambiguous, focusing perhaps more on the results of society’s acceptance of stereotyped roles for women than upon the roles themselves. To make her images, Sherman takes on the roles of photographer, model, makeup artist, hairdresser, stylist and wardrobe director. Rather, Sherman uses herself as a vehicle for commentary on a variety of issues of the modern world: the role of the woman, the role of the artist and many more. American, born 1954. A MacArthur fellowship was awarded for Sherman in 1995. In this sense, Sherman's unique form of portrait photography functions, in part, as a sign for the subjective nature of all human intelligence and the unstable nature of visual perception. By Regis Durand, Jean-Pierre Criqui, Laura Mulvey, By Eva Respini, Johanna Burton, Cindy Sherman, John Waters, By Andy Grundberg, Peter Schjeldahl, Roberta Smith, Lisa Phillips, Cindy Sherman, By Catherine Morris, Paul Ha, Kate Wagner, Cindy Sherman, By Jennifer Blessing, Judith Halberstam Catalog of the exhibition held at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, in 1997, By Benjamin Genocchio / By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Cindy-Sherman, The Lilith Gallery of Toronto - Biography of Cindy Sherman, Artfacts.net - Biography of Cindy Sherman, National Portriat Gallery - Biography of Cindy Sherman. The blonde chameleon, known for her multiple personality self portraits, turns 59 today. Depending on what era her works have focused on. ©2021 The Art Story Foundation. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1972 she enrolled at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo and majored in painting, later switching her major to photography. She graduated from SUNY in 1976 and in 1977 began work on Untitled Film Stills (1977–80), one of her best-known series. "Cindy Sherman Artist Overview and Analysis". Corrections? New York Times / In 1975, she produced a series entitled "Cutouts" in which she was the character in her made up plot. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The series of 8 × 10-inch black-and-white photographs featuring Sherman in a variety of roles is reminiscent of film noir and presents viewers with an ambiguous portrayal of women as sex objects. Her retrospective, at the Museum of Modern Art, is like a homecoming for you and her alike. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. In 1975, Sherman was introduced to conceptual art, which had a liberating effect on her. When Cindy Sherman was a child, she was given a pile of vintage 1920s clothes by her great-grandmother. Recalling a long tradition of self-portraiture and theatrical role-playing in art, Sherman utilizes the camera and the various tools of the everyday cinema, such as makeup, costumes, and stage scenery, to recreate common illusions, or iconic "snapshots," that signify various concepts of public celebrity, self confidence, sexual adventure, entertainment, and other socially sanctioned, existential conditions. Cindy Sherman, in full Cynthia Morris Sherman, (born January 19, 1954, Glen Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.), American photographer known for her images—particularly her elaborately “disguised” self-portraits—that comment on social role-playing and sexual stereotypes. Long assumed to be a medium that "mirrors" reality with precision, photography in Sherman's hands simultaneously constructs and critiques its apparent subject. 'Pictures By Women': A Too-Ambitious Exhibition? ", "One reason I was interested in photography was to get away from the preciousness of the art object.". Published: March 27, 2009, The Journal of Contemporary Art / In 1995, she was the recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship. She is a key figure of the " Pictures Generation," a loose circle of American artists who came to artistic maturity and critical recognition during the early 1980s, a period notable for the rapid and widespread proliferation of mass media imagery. Sherman returned to ironic commentary upon clichéd female identities in the 1990s, introducing mannequins into some of her photographs, and in 1997 she directed the dark comedic film Office Killer. Cindy Sherman, in full Cynthia Morris Sherman, (born January 19, 1954, Glen Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.), American photographer known for her images—particularly her elaborately “disguised” self-portraits—that comment on social role-playing and sexual stereotypes. ", "I feel I’m anonymous in my work. Cindy Sherman is an American photographer and film maker who is known for her conceptual self portraits. I just know I have seen her before, somewhere. Sherman sought to call into question the seductive and often oppressive influence of mass-media over our individual and collective identities. CINDY SHERMAN (American, b. Cindy Sherman Style » Lookbook. In this example, Sherman employs her own image as to suggest the central character in a 1960s "coming of age" romance, the young female intellectual on the verge of discovering her "true womanhood," or the prototypical virgin. Turning the camera on herself in a game of extended role playing of fantasy Hollywood, fashion, mass advertising, and "girl-next-door" roles and poses, Sherman ultimately called her audience's attention to the powerful machinery and make-up that lay behind the countless images circulating in an incessantly public, "plugged in" culture. Makeup artist, Sherman, Sherman takes on the roles of photographer, model, makeup artist hairdresser. 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