NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to 2 Tupelo gum is similar to black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) except its leaves and fruits are larger.Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs.Specific epithet means water in reference to areas where the trees frequently grow.The common name of tupelo is from a Creek Indian word meaning swamp tree. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: Fire is a major enemy of Water Tupelo. SWAMP TREE, NYSSA AQUATICA' LAURA FOSTER HUENNEKE2 AND REBECCA R. SHARITZ3 Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29801 ABSTRACT We investigated physical characteristics of several substrate types in a South Carolina riverine swamp forest, and the effect of those characteristics upon germination and seedling growth of Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Pests and Diseases. Propagation is by seed. Growth characteristics and nutrient utilization rate of Nyssa aquatica L. seedlings grown in pots containing flooded or well-drained soil were compared in a greenhouse study. Fruit grow on slender drooping stalks 3 to 4 inches long. It is rarely used in the home landscape. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Water Tupelo, Cotton Gum (Nyssa aquatica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. The forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria) is a serious enemy in some years and locations. Before sediment amendment, the vegetation did not differ in these Taxodium distichum–Nyssa aquatica forests with respect to herbaceous and tree seedling composition, and sapling and tree characteristics. Greenish-white flowers (male in clusters and female solitary) bloom in spring. It is often seen growing in standing water in the lower Mississippi Valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Trees may not flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years. Plus many more species descriptions for trees. Cornaceae Dogwood family. Water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), also called cottongum, sourgum, swamp tupelo, tupelo-gum, and water-gum, is a large, long-lived tree that grows in southern swamps and flood plains where its root system is periodically under water.It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. This tree is heat tolerant. Wood is used for crates, broom handles and floors. The root is sometimes used for making floats. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Pneumatophores are specialized root structures that grow out from the water surface and facilitate the aeration necessary for root respiration in hydrophytic trees such as many mangrove species (e.g., Avicennia germinans and Laguncularia raecemosa), bald cypresses, and cotton (tupelo) gum (Nyssa aquatica). Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. A congener, swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora Walt. In the forest it typically has a dense foliage with a conical crown on an erect trunk which extends continuously into the top. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. N.C. Physical Characteristics Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Honey from water tupelo is thought to be the best honey in the world. Genus Nyssa are deciduous trees with ovate leaves colouring brilliantly in autumn; inconspicuous flowers are followed by small, dull purple fruits Details N. sylvatica is a small, slow-growing deciduous tree of elegant, broadly conical habit. Often reaching heights of 100' with a trunk diameter of 3 to 4 feet, it is mostly dioecious and male plants are helpful to get a female fruit set. It grows well in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade and prefers moist, acidic soils. It will grow in moist sites with some standing water. The genus Nyssa L. includes several woody species with traits valued by horticulturists, but only black gum (Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.) Trees are typically symmetrical in youth but more irregular with age. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. R. L. Johnson. Prefers moist, acidic soils. Pests and Diseases No pests or diseases are of major concern but it is occasionally bothered by tupelo leaf miner, scale, rust, and leaf spot. Key Identifying Characteristics: Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem, Key to Nyssa. In Missouri, it is found only in the far southeastern corner of the State in Bootheel swamps and further west in several sinkhole ponds in the Ozarks (Steyermark). Tough skins with a thin layer of acid flesh over the seed. Large, glossy, oblong to obovate, dark green leaves (4 to 8 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide) usually have smooth edges (but sometimes one or more large teeth) and usually are finely downy (but sometimes glabrous) underneath. One of the most striking and … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). (continued) … Flowers and fruits inconspicuous Southeastern US flood plains, North Carolina. Application, location and plant characteristics of the Nyssa aquatica in the Ebben Nurseries TreeEbb. Download a high-resolution JPEG image of Nyssa aquatica (1135 KB) Time Generated: 11/24/2020 08:09 AM CST PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links Tupelo-gum (Nyssa aquatica L.) seedlings were subjected to soil waterlogging and salt stresses to evaluated the response of this swamp tree species to saltwater intrusion which occurs in some forest along the Lousiana Gulf Coast due to rapid subsidence and brine discharge associated with oil-recovery operations.Hight growth was reduced shortly after treatments began and persisted … Nyssa aquatica . Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica, the most widely grown species in the UK, was introduced in the 1750s from eastern North America and is known by several common names including Tupelo, Black gum tree, Cotton gum, Pepperidge, and Sour gum tree. Nyssa aquatica is very similar and difficult to differentiate from Nyssa ogeche. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Water Tupelo has a long, straight trunk, narrow, open crown of spreading branches, and large, shiny leaves. It will grow in average moist soil or in very wet conditions. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. No pests or diseases are of major concern but it is occasionally bothered by tupelo leaf miner, scale, rust, and leaf spot. Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Water Tupelo Nyssa aquatica Large, leathery evergreen leaves are glossy green on top and rusty-reddish suede on the underside. Propagation is by seed. Nyssa aquatica L.. Water Tupelo. Trees are primarily dioecious (male and female flowers on separate trees), but sometimes a few perfect flowers appear on the same tree. The relatively large pointed leaves turn bright yellow in fall. It … It tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. Large, glossy, oblong to obovate, dark green leaves (4-8" long) usually have smooth edges (but sometimes sparse marginal teeth) and usually are finely downy (but sometimes glabrous) underneath. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Common buttonbush is a pioneer species in frequently flooded baldcypress/water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) swamps, establishing on rotting logs and stumps . Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Ovate leaves to 15cm in length turn brilliant red and yellow in autumn. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or … The bark is dark brown or dark grey. It is in leaf from May to … Dark purple, oblong fruit (drupes to 1 inch long) mature in fall (September-October). Large, showy, white fragrant flowers appear at intervals during the summer. Tupelo gum is usually not grown as an ornamental landscape tree. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. Nyssa aquatica L. (water tupelo) is a large, deciduous tree native to continuously and ... ornamental characteristics, N. aquatica has potential for landscape use based on its tolerance to soil moisture extremes in the wild. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo D S A Nyssa biflora swamp tupelo D S A Nyssa ogeche Ogeeche-lime D S A Figure 2: List of native wetland tree species sorted alphabetically by scientific name, and including common name, and select foliage characteristics. Dark purple fruit (drupes to 1" long) mature in fall. biflora). Description Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. It received its AGM in 1993. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Greenish-white flowers (male in clusters and female solitary) bloom in spring (April-May). In a forested stand, the trunk is often long, but somewhat crooked, above its buttressed base. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. After the application of sediment in January 2007, sediment-amended swamps had higher elevations and salinity levels than natural swamps. Nyssa aquatica thrives in soils in which seasonal . sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. This plant has a beautiful yellow fall color. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. We investigated physical characteristics of several substrate types in a South Carolina riverine swamp forest, and the effect of those characteristics upon germination and seedling growth of the dominant swamp tree, Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo). Leaves turn yellow in fall. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Nyssa Aquatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Nyssa sylvatica, N. biflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Blackgum is a medium- to large-sized, native, deciduous tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet high (18-24 m) [22,31]. Male and female borne on separate trees, appearing as the leaves begin to unfold. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottom lands. The fruit can be eaten raw, often used in preserves. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called the water tupelo, cottongum, wild olive, large tupelo, tupelo-gum, or water-gum, is a large, long-lived tree in the tupelo genus (Nyssa) that grows in swamps and floodplains in the Southeastern United States. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. We have one or two older examples of N. sylvatica which can grow to between 15m and 30m tall with drooping lower branches and obovate or oval leaves that turn spectacular shades of yellow, orange and scarlet in autumn. There are many different kinds of marshes, ranging from the prairie potholes to the Everglades, coastal to inland, freshwater to saltwater. Marshes are defined as wetlands frequently or continually inundated with water, characterized by emergent soft-stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soil conditions. Brown. Tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. A long taproot makes it difficult to transplant. All types receive most of their water from surface water, and many marshes are also fed by groundwater. Nyssa sylvatica var. Bees love the flowers of tupelo gum (tupelo honey is sold throughout the South). 3 vols. Water Tupelo. Nutrients are plenti… Wood is light, soft, close-grained but not strong. Easily grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Noteworthy Characteristics Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. is prevalent in the nursery trade. The black tupelo tree is th… It scorches the thin bark, allowing entrance of rot-causing fungi. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is very symmetrical and pyramid-shaped in its early years but develops an irregular form with age. According to Baker and Langdon (1990): "Loblolly pine is found in pure stands and in mixtures with other pines or hardwoods, and in association with a great variety of lesser vegetation.When loblolly pine predominates, it forms the forest cover type Loblolly Pine (Society of American Foresters Type 81). A close relative is water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) which has nearly the same characteristics. ), might be a marketable shade tree, but little is known about propagating it from seeds. It grows to 80’ (less frequently to 100') tall and features a swollen base (like bald cypress), upward tapering trunk and rounded spreading crown. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Water Tupelo is a large swamp tree which in frequently flooded areas often has a swollen base . It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. It is finely fissured up and down the trunk, thin and scaly. communities are succeeded by white alder (Alnus rhombifolia)/willow (Salix spp. Britton, N.L., and A. 1913. Often used for crates, broom handles, pulpwood, and floor veneers. Trees may not flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years. Special Value to Honey Bees (tupelo honey is sold throughout the South). ... 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