Evidence of the relationship between kings can come from charters, which were documents which granted land to followers or to churchmen, and which were witnessed by the kings who had power to grant the land. He was expelled from England in 789 by Offa, King of Mercia, and Beohtric, King of Wessex who dominated Kent. [34] However, the nature of Eanred's submission has been questioned: one historian has suggested that it is more likely that the meeting at Dore represented a mutual recognition of sovereignty. [25], It was also in 825 that one of the most important battles in Anglo-Saxon history took place, when Ecgberht defeated Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellandun—now Wroughton, near Swindon. Egbert of Wessex was born circa 769 to Ealhmund of Kent and died 839 of unspecified causes. Eafa of Wessex, king of Kent ca 732-784/ Alhilda of Bernicia Union(s) et enfant(s) Marié après 784 avec Eadgythe of Kent †784/ dont. Ecgberht of Wessex], Egbert was Æthelwulf's father." [25], In 830, Mercia regained its independence under Wiglaf—the Chronicle merely says that Wiglaf "obtained the kingdom of Mercia again",[14] but the most likely explanation is that this was the result of a Mercian rebellion against Wessex rule. They were the parents of at least 5 … The conquered territories were administered as a subkingdom for a while, including Surrey and possibly Essex. [28][37][44] The archbishop of Canterbury, Ceolnoth, also accepted Ecgberht and Æthelwulf as the lords and protectors of the monasteries under Ceolnoth's control. Ecgberht of Northumbria was the son of King Aelle. Egbert (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. [15] It is possible that the young Ecgberht fled to Wessex in 785 or so; it is suggestive that the Chronicle mentions in a later entry that Beorhtric, Cynewulf's successor, helped Offa to exile Ecgberht. [11] Offa did have influence in the southeast of the country: a charter of 764 shows him in the company of Heahberht of Kent, suggesting that Offa's influence helped place Heahberht on the throne. According to a note in the margin, "this king Ealhmund was Egbert's father [i.e. This marked the high point of Ecgberht's influence. Ecgberht's wealth, acquired through conquest, was no doubt one reason for his ability to purchase the support of the southeastern church establishment; the thriftiness of his will indicates he understood the importance of personal wealth to a king. General Notes: ~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 1:12, King of Wessex 802-27 and the first king of all England 837-36, son of Ealhmund, King of Kent. The son of Ealhmund, king in Kent in 784 and 786, Egbert was a member of a family that had formerly held the West Saxon kingship. These agreements, along with a later charter in which Æthelwulf confirmed church privileges, suggest that the church had recognised that Wessex was a new political power that must be dealt with. [25], Both Wessex's sudden rise to power in the late 820s, and the subsequent failure to retain this dominant position, have been examined by historians looking for underlying causes. Historian Heather Edwards has suggested that Ealhmund was probably a Kentish royal scion, whose pedigree was forged to give his son Egbert the descent from Cerdic requisite to reigning in Wessex. It seems likely that Ecgberht had no influence outside his own borders, but on the other hand there is no evidence that he ever submitted to the overlordship of Cenwulf. [22] The Hwicce were defeated, though Weohstan was killed as well as Æthelmund. Egbert has been called 'the first king of all England', a rather grand claim which depends on how you define 'Britain'. The list is often thought to be incomplete, omitting as it does some dominant Mercian kings such as Penda and Offa. [14], Ealhmund does not appear to have long survived in power: there is no record of his activities after 784. [36], Ecgberht's dominion over southern England came to an end with Wiglaf's recovery of power. When King Æthelwulf of Wessex was born on 23 August 0806, in Berkshire, England, United Kingdom, his father, Ecgberht, King of Wessex, was 31 and his mother, Rædburh of Francia, was 32. Ecgberht died in 839, and his will, according to the account of it found in the will of his grandson, Alfred the Great, left land only to male members of his family, so that the estates should not be lost to the royal house through marriage. It continues back to Cerdic, founder of the House of Wessex. [25], Carolingian support may have been one of the factors that helped Ecgberht achieve the military successes of the late 820s. Family tree for Ecgberht, son of King Aethelred the Unready showing: parents Egbert was King of Wessex, 802-827 and was the first King of The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle subsequently described Ecgberht as a bretwalda or 'wide-ruler' of Anglo-Saxon lands. [25], In 829 Ecgberht invaded Mercia and drove Wiglaf, the king of Mercia, into exile. [25][27] In Essex, Ecgberht expelled King Sigered, though the date is unknown. [12][13], Another Ecgberht, Ecgberht II of Kent, ruled in that kingdom throughout the 770s; he is last mentioned in 779, in a charter granting land at Rochester. He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England . In 826 Beornwulf invaded East Anglia, presumably to recover his overlordship. For other people with the same name, see Ealhmund. This requires assuming that the error in transcription is common to every manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle; many historians make this assumption but others have rejected it as unlikely, given the consistency of the sources. [48], Ecgberht was buried in Winchester, as were his son, Æthelwulf, his grandson, Alfred the Great, and his great-grandson, Edward the Elder. Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England. He is reputed to be the father of King Egbert who was King of Wessex and, later, King of Kent. [25], The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle does not say who was the aggressor at Ellandun, but one recent history asserts that Beornwulf was almost certainly the one who attacked. [45] The kingship of Wessex had been frequently contested among different branches of the royal line, and it is a noteworthy achievement of Ecgberht's that he was able to ensure Æthelwulf's untroubled succession. Wessex retained control of the south-eastern kingdoms, with the possible exception of Essex, and Mercia did not regain control of East Anglia. [28][38] Wiglaf may also have brought Essex back into the Mercian orbit during the years after he recovered the throne. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. However, Wessex did retain control of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey; these territories were given to Ecgberht's son Æthelwulf to rule as a subking under Ecgberht. It may be that the Mercians were hoping for support from Kent: there was some reason to suppose that Wulfred, the Archbishop of Canterbury, might be discontented with West Saxon rule, as Ecgberht had terminated Wulfred's currency and had begun to mint his own, at Rochester and Canterbury,[25] and it is known that Ecgberht seized property belonging to Canterbury. [2] Ecgberht's descent from Ingild was accepted by Frank Stenton, but not the earlier genealogy back to Cerdic. In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. The relationship between Offa and Cynewulf, who was king of Wessex from 757 to 786, is not well documented, but it seems likely that Cynewulf maintained some independence from Mercian overlordship. [26] The Chronicle tells how Ecgberht followed up his victory: "Then he sent his son Æthelwulf from the army, and Ealhstan, his bishop, and Wulfheard, his ealdorman, to Kent with a great troop." However, the Rhenish and Frankish commercial networks collapsed at some time in the 820s or 830s, and in addition, a rebellion broke out in February 830 against Louis the Pious—the first of a series of internal conflicts that lasted through the 830s and beyond. The Dumnonian royal line continued after this time, but it is at this date that the independence of one of the last British kingdoms may be considered to have ended. [16][17] The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht spent three years in Francia before he was king, exiled by Beorhtric and Offa. The king puts the monk in charge of his treasury of ancient Roman relics and documents left over from Rome's domination of Britain centuries prior. Stenton cites the annal for 839, which says Æthelwulf "granted" or "gave" the kingdom of Kent to his son, as an example of the language that would have been used had Wiglaf been granted the kingdom by Ecgberht. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his an… Ecgbert's descendants ruled Wessex and, later, all of England continuously until 1013. The Franks supported Eardwulf when he recovered the throne of Northumbria in 808, so it is plausible that they also supported Ecgberht's accession in 802. Hence a continuing relationship with the Franks seems to be part of southern English politics during the first half of the ninth century. Ecgberht was born in the time frame 769-780. king of Kent(772-774,784-785) Né peut-être en 755; Décédé en 785,peut-être à l'âge de 30 ans Parents. This victory gave Ecgberht control of the London Mint, and he issued coins as King of Mercia. [14][24] Ten years later, a charter dated 19 August 825 indicates that Ecgberht was campaigning in Dumnonia again; this may have been related to a battle recorded in the Chronicle at Gafulford in 823, between the men of Devon and the Britons of Cornwall. Wiglaf's return is followed by evidence of his independence from Wessex. He is recognized as overlord of other English kings, Egbert is defeated by the Danes at Carhampton in Somerset, Defeats Vikings and Cornish at Hingston Down in Cornwall, Death of Egbert. Nevertheless, Egbert succeeded to Beorhtric’s throne in 802. Having saved Athelstan from a cross - the monk having been crucified for apostasy - Ecbert regards Athelstan as a kindred spirit, and one versed in Latin. Virtually nothing is known of his life up to 789, when he was driven into exile by the West Saxon king Beorhtric with the help of his formidable ally, the Mercian king … The previous seven bretwaldas are also named by the Chronicler, who gives the same seven names that Bede lists as holding imperium, starting with Ælle of Sussex and ending with Oswiu of Northumbria. Wessex becomes the dominant kingdom. According to this view, Beornwulf may have taken advantage of the Wessex campaign in Dumnonia in the summer of 825. In 829 he defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. At Easter 839, not long before Ecgberht's death, he was in touch with Louis the Pious, king of the Franks, to arrange safe passage to Rome. Ecgberht was the youngest son of King Aethelred, known as Unready and his wife Aelfgifu of York. [32], Later in 829, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Ecgberht received the submission of the Northumbrians at Dore (now a suburb of Sheffield); the Northumbrian king was probably Eanred. This is supported by the genealogical preface from the A text of the Chronicle, which gives Ecgberht's father's name as Ealhmund without further details. Ealhmund of Kent was born on an unknown date to Eafa of Wessex . aka Ecgberht (King) of WESSEX (& Kent & Essex & Sussex & East Anglia); 18th BRETWALDA; reigned 37 winters; (Egbert was the last `Bretwalda', a title subsumed by King of England) [citation needed] Birth. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. [25], In the southwest, Ecgberht was defeated in 836 at Carhampton by the Danes,[14] but in 838 he won a battle against them and their allies the West Welsh at the Battle of Hingston Down in Cornwall. Fletcher assumes that Ecgberht spent essentially all Beorhtric's reign in Francia; see Fletcher, P. Wormald, "The Age of Offa and Alcuin", p. 128, in Campbell, Translation is based on Swanton; note that, P. Wormald, "The Ninth Century", p. 139, in Campbell. It may have been delayed until 829, since a later chronicler associates the expulsion with a campaign of Ecgberht's in that year against the Mercians. Æthelwulf drove Baldred, the king of Kent, north over the Thames, and according to the Chronicle, the men of Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex then all submitted to Æthelwulf "because earlier they were wrongly forced away from his relatives. Raedburh's son Ethelwulf succeeded Egbert. He died on November 19, 838 in Wessex, England. Egbert (also Ecgberht or Ecgbert) (c.770– July 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death. [45] In addition, Æthelwulf's experience of kingship, in the subkingdom formed from Ecgberht's southeastern conquests, would have been valuable to him when he took the throne. [12] The extent of Offa's control of Kent between 765 and 776 is a matter of debate amongst historians, but from 776 until about 784 it appears that the Kentish kings had substantial independence from Mercia. [43], At a council at Kingston upon Thames in 838, Ecgberht and Æthelwulf granted land to the sees of Winchester and Canterbury in return for the promise of support for Æthelwulf's claim to the throne. [23], In 815 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht ravaged the whole of the territories of the remaining British kingdom, Dumnonia, known to the author of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as the West Welsh; their territory was about equivalent to what is now Cornwall. His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. A document from Kent survives which gives the date, March 826, as being in the third year of the reign of Beornwulf. 1.ECGBERHT ([769/80]-839).The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle names Ecgberht as son of Ealhmund, in a late passage which sets out the ancestry of Æthelwulf King of Wessex[1064].On Beorhtric's death, he established himself in 802 as ECGBERHT King of Wessex, rebelling against Mercian overlordship.-see below. Cenwulf did have overlordship of the rest of southern England, but in Cenwulf's charters the title of "overlord of the southern English" never appears, presumably in consequence of the independence of the kingdom of Wessex. Egbert regained his kingdom in 802. Aella was born in 824, and was the grandson of Earl Oswald of Lothian.Aella became the king of Northumbria after the deposition of King Osberht of Northumbria, and he seized Billingham, Ileclif, Wigeclif, and … This makes it likely that Beornwulf still had authority in Kent at this date, as Baldred's overlord; hence Baldred was apparently still in power. Beornwulf's motivation to launch an attack would have been the threat of unrest or instability in the southeast: the dynastic connections with Kent made Wessex a threat to Mercian dominance. Ecgberht was presumed to become King of Northumbria after the death of his father at the hands of Bjorn and his defeat against the Great Heathen Army. Born the son of Ealhmund, Sub-king of Kent. His mother is Unnamed Mother Of King Egbert Of Wessex and his father is Ealhmund Of Kent. Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. [11] Beorhtric died in 802, and Ecgberht came to the throne of Wessex, probably with the support of Charlemagne and perhaps also the papacy. A fifteenth century chronicle now held by Oxford University names Ecgberht's wife as Redburga who was supposedly a relative of Charlemagne who he married when he was banished to Francia, but this is dismissed by academic historians in view of its late date. King of Wessex. Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, Ecgbeorht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. This demonstration of independence on East Anglia's part is not surprising, as it was Æthelstan who was probably responsible for the defeat and death of both Beornwulf and Ludeca. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. About Egbert of Wessex: Probably born as early as 770 but possibly as late as 780, Egbert was the son of Ealhmund (or Elmund), who, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, had been a king in Kent in 784. the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia. From the scrolls, Athelstan conveys to Ecbert detailed accounts of the battlefield str… [41] Mercia remained a threat, however; Ecgberht's son Æthelwulf, established as king of Kent, gave estates to Christ Church, Canterbury, probably to counter any influence the Mercians might still have there. 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