Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The Nimrod Review Terms of Reference In December 2008 the Defence Secretary John Hutton was served with a writ by relatives of two of 14 men who died. I analyse the Board of Inquiry’s findings in detail in Chapter 3. In November 1980. a Nimrod MR2 crashed near RAF Kinloss after three engines failed following multiple birdstrikes, killing both pilots. He was also quoted as saying "Everybody's thoughts are with the families and friends of those who lost their lives. This was the first of two Nimrods to be lost in 1995; it was followed by the crash of a Nimrod MR2 in Canada in September. Registration / Serial: On 4 December 2007 the report of the findings of the official Board of Inquiry into the loss of XV230 was published. On behalf of the MoD and the Royal Air Force, I would like again to say sorry to all the families who lost loved ones. There were failures...[in monitoring the aircraft's safety]...that should, if the information had been correctly recorded and acted upon, have led to the discovery of this design flaw within the Nimrod fleet. There were crew members on board. Checks were carried out on the fleet after the September crash and the Nimrod MR2 has continued to fly operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. "; The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites, How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire, Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit, BBC News Updated every minute of every day, Tourists flock to 'Jesus's tomb' in Kashmir. There were seven crew members on board. I have wanted to build and fly a model of it for many years and only recently discovered the plans,;of which I am now a proud owne! [23], It emerged in May 2009 that an RAF commander destroyed a number of official documents after the loss of Nimrod XV230. He tried to reach Kandahar air base, taking the aircraft down from 23,000 to 3,000 feet (7,010 to 910 metres) in 90 seconds. Fourteen British service personnel have died after their aircraft crashed in Afghanistan, the MoD has said. On September 2, 2006, Nimrod MR2 XV230, a reconnaissance aircraft in the Royal Air Force, flew over southern Afghanistan in support of a NATO-led offensive against the Taliban. Increasingly since the operations in Kosovo at the end of the 1990s the Nimrod MR2 had been used overland. On Tuesday 16 May 1995, a Royal Air Force Nimrod R1 aircraft suffered an in-flight engine fire which led to the aircraft having to ditch in the Moray Firth. The crash of Nimrod XV230 in Afghanistan in September 2006 was the fifth involving the MR2. Shortly afterwards, at an estimated height of 20ft, the … The papers added: "The defendant owed to the deceased a duty of care and the accident was caused by this breach of that duty of care. As a result of its serial number, XW666 was unofficially referred to as "The Beast", and "Damian" owing … The Nimrod Review: an independent review into the broader issues surrounding the loss of the RAF Nimrod MR2 aircraft XV230 in Afghanistan in 2006 report - Full Text Ref: ISBN 9780102962659 , … Military Jets Military Aircraft De Havilland Comet Indian Air Force Air Force Aircraft History Online Aeroplanes Nose Art Royal Air Force. It is seen being towed to the static park for the 2005 Waddington airshow. Richard Norton-Taylor. Wed 28 Oct 2009 16.46 EDT. On 2 September 2006 Royal Air Force (RAF) Nimrod XV230, with 14 crew on board, departed for a surveillance mission over Afghanistan, in support of coalition forces engaging the Taliban. "It seems to me that this is a case where I would be failing in my duty if I didn't report action to the relevant authority that would prevent future fatalities,", "I have given the matter considerable thought and I see no alternative but to report to the secretary of state that the Nimrod fleet should not fly until the ALARP [as low as reasonably practicable] standards are met. Dünyanın jet motorlu ilk yolcu uçağı olarak bilinen de Havilland Comet 'in kapsamlı bir modifikasyonudur. The Times newspaper,[24] 31 May 2009, reported that all documents relating to the aircraft were immediately impounded but Sqn Ldr Guy Bazalgette, commander of the Nimrod detachment in the Gulf, managed to retrieve one file. "[22], The Terms of Reference for the Nimrod Review were set out by the Secretary of State for Defence, Des Browne, on 13 December 2007. World . The 37-year-old Nimrod MR2 was supporting ground forces battling Taliban guerrillas when it caught fire minutes after mid-air refueling. An official inquiry into the explosion of a Nimrod spy plane has found the age of the aircraft and its lack of fire-fighting equipment were factors leading to the crash which killed 14 servicemen. Four separate factors were listed as contributing to the accident:[19] Age of the aircraft; Maintenance policy; Failure of hazard analysis and lack of a fire detection and suppression system; Not identifying the full implications of successive changes to the fuel system and associated procedures. On September 2, 2006, Nimrod MR2 XV230, a reconnaissance aircraft in the Royal Air Force, flew over southern Afghanistan in support of a NATO-led offensive against the Taliban. [12][13] The MR4 replacement aircraft was cancelled entirely following the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review.[14]. Shortly afterwards, at an estimated height of 20ft, the plane flew through a dense flock of sea birds. The aircraft is believed to have suffered a fuel leak or overflow during mid-air refuelling while it was monitoring a NATO offensive against Taliban insurgents west of Kandahar. During the Cold War the Nimrod's main role was monitoring Soviet submarines and surface ships in the Baltic, North Atlantic and beyond. [3], According to Jane's Information Group, XV230 was one of six Nimrods equipped with an L-3 Wescam MX-15 electro-optical turret in 2003. But by 2 September 2006, the day of the crash, the MR2 model should have been out of service and replaced by the MRA4, still under proving test at BAE, years late and way over budget. ", "Blast fears as Nimrod planes leak fuel on spy missions", "Biggest military loss since start of Afghan war is 'terrible accident, PR Newswire : Release of Nimrod XY230 board of inquiry (BOI), "Nimrod inquest coroner declares whole fleet 'never airworthy' ", "MoD accused of costcutting on crash plane", "Air hero's dad and MP call for Nimrod replacements", "RAF Kinloss: Scrapped replacement for Nimrod 'largely completed, "Defence minister glossed over Nimrod safety fears", Cost Cuts Led to British Jet Crash, Study Says, "RAF Commander admits to shredding spy plane documents", "MoD admits responsibility for Afghanistan Nimrod explosion deaths", Post crash photograph of the tail section of XV230, Accident / Serious Incident Report for 2006 Royal Air Force Nimrod crash, The Nimrod Review: an independent review into the broader issues surrounding the loss of the RAF Nimrod MR2 aircraft XV230 in Afghanistan in 2006 report, Summary of the BOI into the crash of XV230 on 2 September 2006, "Ainsworth apologises for loss of Nimrod XV230", Fourteen personnel in Afghanistan Nimrod crash named, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2006_Royal_Air_Force_Nimrod_crash&oldid=981786506, Accidents and incidents involving Royal Air Force aircraft, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from April 2015, Start-date transclusions with invalid parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Nimrod MR1 XV230 cutaway and weapon loadout, Accused the MoD of "deep organisational trauma" resulting from the strategic defence review of 1998, Sacrificing safety to cut costs, resulting in a "systemic breach" of the, A safety review of the Nimrod MR2 carried out by the MoD, BAE Systems and QinetiQ branded a "lamentable job", Air Commodore George Baber – a group captain at the time, led the MoD integrated project team responsible for a safety review of the RAF's Nimrods, which took place between 2001 and 2005. He said the wait for the MoD inquiry and a coroner's inquest was a "disgrace" that dates have still to be set for the publication of the board of inquiry's findings and a coroner's inquest into the deaths. The best opportunity to prevent the accident to XV230 was tragically lost. Shortly after take-off from RAF Kinloss, the aircraft flew through a … Haddon-Cave's report directly criticised two RAF officers: Defence Secretary Bob Ainsworth said the "rigorous" report would make distressing reading for the relatives of those who died. Increasingly since the operations in Kosovo at the end of the 1990s the Nimrod MR2 had been used overland. Nothing I can say or do will bring these men back. There were crew members on board. The airplane operated on a local flight out of Forres-Kinloss RAF … 1,5 km S of Forres-Kinloss RAF Station (FSS), United Kingdom. All crew members survived. Shortly after take-off from RAF Kinloss, the aircraft flew through a dense flock of seagulls. Interior close up shots of Nimrod MR2 crash inquest documents. At Broadhurst's invitation, Lady Lapsley performed the naming ceremony. The airplane operated on a local flight out of Muscat-Seeb Airport (MCT). [16], There are those who opine that the loss was a foreseeable consequence of design and production failures.[17]. The report found that he delegated the project "wholesale" to an MoD civilian worker who was too inexperienced and not competent to manage it: "Michael Eagles failed to give adequate priority, care and personal attention to the NSC task. The deaths of two service personnel in an air crash exactly 40 years ago were marked today in Moray. It was not within the BOI’s remit to consider, or attribute, responsibility for the accident. The aircraft landed safely. Its cause is currently being investigated by a Board of Inquiry. A board of inquiry report was released in December 2007.[7]. Nimrod MR2 in the period from its introduction in 1979 to the accident on 2 September 2006, including hazard analysis, the safety case compiled in … He failed properly to utilise the resources available to him within the Nimrod IPT to ensure the airworthiness of the Nimrod fleet. The Nimrod is able to act as rebroadcasting centre, suitable for use over the rough hilly terrain of Afghanistan. Concerns were again raised when on 5 November 2007, Nimrod XV235 was reported to have suffered a similar fuel leak. ", Also in May 2009, Charles Haddon-Cave, QC, leading the Nimrod Review issued a number of Salmon letters to organisations and senior RAF officers warning them they were likely to be criticised in its formal report. Info about North American, UK, Europe and worldwide airshows for 2017. The so-called Salmon letters give those who are likely to be criticised by the inquiry the opportunity to respond to the criticism before the report's publication. Hawker Siddeley Nimrod Birleşik Krallık'ta geliştirilmiş bir deniz devriye uçağıdır. It can act as a large radio system that can pick up messages from troops on the ground and relay them. The Nimrod MR2 marked its last operational flight with a flypast of airfields in the north of Scotland before the fleet is retired. Just before 07:30 a crew took off in semi-darkness on the final sortie of their conversion from the Nimrod 1 to the Nimrod MR2 aircraft. Apart from the 1982 Falklands War, Nimrods served in both the 1990 and 2003 Gulf wars and helped enforce Nato's maritime blockade of the Balkans in 2001. The Nimrod MR2 was lost over Afghanistan in September 2006 and Charles Haddon-Cave QC found the loss was caused by … The Ministry of Defence (MoD) then suspended all in-flight refuelling of the Nimrod fleet. in respect of the Nimrod MR1 and MR2 aircraft between 2002 and 2005, the Nimrod Safety Case, contained a number of significant errors. 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. On 23 May 2008 the assistant deputy coroner for Oxfordshire, Andrew Walker, handed down a narrative ruling that it had "never been airworthy from the first time it was released to the service nearly 40 years ago". Its design is based on the de Havilland Comet, the first commercial jet airliner, with four jet engines integrated into the wings next to the fuselage. They are having to wait far too long to receive answers to many questions. It does not tend to act as a bomber aircraft although the latest version will have the ability to carry a range of weapons from its bomb bay. "[26], "An old 1970's cutaway of Nimrod MR1 XV230 retouched by Flight Global in 2006. [1][2] At a ceremony held at Woodford airfield in Cheshire, the aircraft was handed over by the deputy managing director of Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Sir Harry Broadhurst. 2.38.1 Nimrod MR2 XV256: The first Nimrod to be lost in an accident was Nimrod MR2 XV256 on 17 November 1980. The airplane operated on a local flight out of Muscat-Seeb Airport (MCT). Ingestion of a large number of birds into the engines caused a significant loss of power and the aircraft crashed in woods close to the airfield. In 1988 they supported rescue work after the Piper Alpha oil rig fire. Being the final sortie, the normal crew was increased to 20 by 5 checking crew and an additional Air Engineer. Two previous Nimrod MR2 crashes have been blamed … The Nimrod MR2 marked its last operational flight with a flypast of airfields in the north of Scotland before the fleet is retired. On 28 October, Haddon-Cave presented his report, summarised by the statement: Its [the Nimrod safety case produced by BAE Systems] production is a story of incompetence, complacency and cynicism. By 2004 you had to be on top of your budget if you wanted to get ahead. Fuel leak is the most probable reason for a fire that destroyed a British Nimrod aircraft in Afghanistan last year, killing 14 people. Shortly after take-off from RAF Kinloss, the aircraft flew through a dense flock of seagulls. "It has been very successful in that, particularly in Afghanistan, because it has a very sophisticated communications equipment on board," said defence analyst Paul Beaver. Nimrod MR2 XV256: The first Nimrod to be lost in an accident was Nimrod MR2 XV256 on 17 November 1980. [11] That aircraft suffered significant problems during development and construction which resulted in lengthy programme delays and the in-service date slipping nine years from 2003 to 2012. Receiving XV230 were the AOC-in Chief of Coastal Command, Air Marshal Sir John Lapsley. The deaths of two service personnel in an air crash exactly 40 years ago were marked today in Moray. Apart from the 1982 Falklands War, Nimrods served in both the 1990 and 2003 Gulf wars and helped enforce Nato's maritime blockade of the Balkans in 2001. "[15], In March 2009, following continued questions about the safety of the Nimrod fleet and despite constantly stating that the aircraft were airworthy, the MoD grounded the Nimrod fleet for "vital safety modification[s]". An RAF Harrier aircraft followed the Nimrod down and the pilot saw a wing explode, followed a few seconds later by the rest of the aircraft. The investigation found that fuel most probably travelled from a fuel tank blow-off valve on the starboard side of the lower-forward fuselage into an aft bay near the root of the starboard wing which contained hot air ducting pipes, where it saturated compressed insulation contained within a shrouding, holding the fuel against a hot air pipe until it reached auto-ignition temperature and caught fire. The Nimrod MR2 aircraft was withdrawn on 31 March 2010, a year earlier than planned, for financial reasons. The RAF knew about fuel leaks on a Nimrod surveillance aircraft that exploded above Afghanistan killing 14 servicemen more than 10 months before the crash… Craig, presumably your Nimrod has flown by now, I would be grateful if you could give a report on how it all went. There were crew members on board. 2 September 2006: Crash near Kandahar, Afghanistan. The death of 14 British armed personnel in a Nimrod MR2 aircraft crash brings the toll of British Forces personnel in Afghanistan to 36 … [8] Assistant deputy coroner for Oxfordshire Andrew Walker added: "This cavalier approach to safety must come to an end. Die Bank of Scotland ist seit über 300 Jahren im Bankgeschäft und heute als Teil der Lloyds Banking Group eine der größten und finanzstärksten Banken der Welt. Twelve RAF personnel, a Royal Marine and an Army soldier were on board the RAF Nimrod MR2 which came down in the southern province of Kandahar. The airplane operated on a local flight out of Newquay-St Mawgan RAF Station (NQY). The Royal Air Force Nimrod MR2 reconnaissance plane, on a NATO mission, came down in Kandahar province in southern Afghanistan on Saturday (local time) due to a technical problem, a NATO spokesman said in Kabul, stressing that it was not shot down. Eleven minutes after the AAR, a bomb bay fire warning and underfloor smoke warning were reported. Nimrod MR2s fly mainly from RAF Kinloss in Scotland, although a programme to replace them with an up-dated version - the MRA4 - is under way. In the early 1980s some RAF Nimrods were upgraded from the original MR1 design to the MR2, the main roles of which are sea surveillance, anti-submarine warfare and support for search and rescue operations. A British Aerospace Nimrod MR.2 plane, serial XV230, was damaged beyond repair in an accident 20 km W of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Nimrod MR2. Bazalgette subsequently destroyed the document but later told the coroners inquest that none of the shredded documents were relevant to the loss of XV230. Apart from the 1982 Falklands War, Nimrods served in both the 1990 and 2003 Gulf wars and helped enforce Nato's maritime blockade of the Balkans in 2001. The Shackleton fleet was due to be replaced by an upgraded Nimrod variant aircraft, but this was dropped in favour of the Sentry AWACS platform. The airplane operated on a local flight out of Toronto-Pearson International Airport, ON (YYZ). The Nimrod was designed as a sea patrol and anti-submarine aircraft and entered service with the Royal Air Force in the UK over 30 years ago. "[8], There had been concerns in the British media about serviceability of the Nimrod fleet[9] and bereaved families having to wait for years for the Oxfordshire coroner's office to hold inquests into military deaths. A 12-month wait is a disgrace – Publication dates have been put back and put back and the Ministry of Defence should get on with it. [6], The twelve RAF personnel, a Royal Marine and a British Army soldier aboard Nimrod MR2 XV230 were killed. A British Aerospace Nimrod MR.2 plane, serial XV256, was damaged beyond repair in an accident ca. [18] The Independent newspaper claimed that a report into the safety of Britain's ageing fleet of Nimrods, which a defence minister claimed did not reveal "any significant airworthiness issues", exposed almost 1,500 faults – 26 of which threatened the aircraft's safety. Haddon-Cave condemned the change of organisational culture within the MoD between 1998 and 2006, when financial targets came to distract from safety, quoting a former senior RAF officer who told the inquiry: There was no doubt that the culture of the time had switched. İlk olarak, de Havilland 'ın devamı olan ve şimdi de BAE Systems bünyesinde bulunan Hawker Siddeley tarafından tasarlanmıştır. Eleven minutes after the AAR, a bomb bay fire warning and underfloor smoke warning were report… This was implemented under Project Broadsword.[4]. Nimrod air crash over Helmand in Afghanistan led to the death of 14 servicemen . On November 17, 1980, a Nimrod MR2 took off from RAF Kinloss in semi-darkness just before 7.30am. [21], On 23 May 2008, the coroner who led the inquest into these deaths stated that the entire Nimrod fleet had "never been airworthy from the first time it was released to service" and urged that it should be grounded. 71 pages, listed aircrafts in UK aviation museums. On November 17, 1980, a Nimrod MR2 took off from RAF Kinloss in semi-darkness just before 7.30am. ", This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 12:18. In November 1980. a Nimrod MR2 crashed near RAF Kinloss after three engines failed following multiple birdstrikes, killing both pilots. The aircraft rendezvoused with an RAF TriStartanker for air-to-air refuelling (AAR), then turned towards the operational area. It exploded as it was trying to reach Kandahar airfield. The crash, which occurred during a reconnaissance flight, was the biggest single loss of life suffered by the British military since the Falklands War. The Board believed that the No 7 tank dry bay was the most likely location for the seat of the fire, with the most probable cause being escaped fuel having come into contact with a Supplementary Conditioning Pack (SCP) airpipe at 400 degrees Celsius "...after entering a gap between two types of insulation". Fuel leak caused British Nimrod plane crash in Afghanistan last year . Saved by Dave McCormick. Most Popular Now | 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. The aircraft involved in the accident was XV230, the first of 38 Nimrod maritime reconnaissance/strike aircraft to enter operational service with the Royal Air Force on 2 October 1969. New generation. The plane was a Nimrod MR2. The MoD and the Nimrod inquiry team declined to say which senior RAF officers received letters.[24]. On 2 September 2006, a Royal Air Force Hawker Siddeley Nimrod suffered an in-flight fire and subsequently crashed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, killing all fourteen crew members on board.The crash, which occurred during a reconnaissance flight, was the biggest single loss of life suffered by the British military since the Falklands War. A British Aerospace Nimrod MR.2 plane, serial XV230, was damaged beyond repair in an accident 20 km W of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Fifteen Nimrod MR2s are based at RAF Kinloss. High Court papers submitted by the MoD in response to the claim accept for the first time that the Nimrod was "not airworthy". At the time of the accident, the aircraft had undergone a major service at the Nimrod Major Servicing Unit (NMSU) at RAF Kinloss in Moray. The aircraft rendezvoused with an RAF TriStartanker for air-to-air refuelling (AAR), then turned towards the operational area. The Scottish National Party's Westminster leader, Angus Robertson criticised delays in inquiries. Later in the day an RAF crew flew XV230 to its base at RAF St Mawgan, Cornwall, where the Nimrod maritime operational training unit (MOTU) was to be formed. In doing so, he failed, in truth, to make safety his first priority. A British Aerospace Nimrod MR.2 plane, serial XV257, was damaged beyond repair in an accident near Land's End, United Kingdom. On 2 September 2006, a Royal Air Force Hawker Siddeley Nimrod suffered an in-flight fire and subsequently crashed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, killing all fourteen crew members on board. Nimrod MR2 XV256: The first Nimrod to be lost in an accident was Nimrod MR2 XV256 on 17 November 1980. I am sorry for the mistakes that have been made and the lives that have been lost as a result of our failure. The official inquiry into the crash in September 1995 concluded that Flight Lieutenant Dom Gilbert, 31, altered a display manoeuvre causing the jet engines to stall. The creation of the new Military Aviation Authority, announced by Ainsworth, was in line with one of the main recommendations of a report into the crash of the Nimrod MR2 reconnaissance plane in 2006. [10] Conservative MP, Mr Ian Liddell-Grainger called for the MR2's replacement – the BAE MRA4 – to be introduced sooner. Several hours after takeoff, the 14-member crew paused operations for in-flight refueling, then prepared 2 September 2006: Crash near Kandahar, Afghanistan. [20], Links into the full report on the XV230 accident can be found here. The remaining crew survived. On 2 September 2006 Royal Air Force (RAF) Nimrod XV230, with 14 crew on board, departed for a surveillance mission over Afghanistan, in support of coalition forces engaging the Taliban. [5], The crash site was about 25 miles (40 kilometres) west-north-west of Kandahar Airfield (which is located 10 miles (16 kilometres) south-east of the city of Kandahar) between two villages called Chil Khor and Fatehullah Qala in the Panjwaye District. The fire was first noted when smoke accumulated in the bomb-bay, leading the pilot to report a fire in his bomb-bay. One the aircraft's greatest assets is flight range - even without refuelling it can remain airborne for 10 hours with an operating range of 3,800 miles (6,080 km). Increasingly since the operations in Kosovo at the end of the 1990s the Nimrod MR2 had been used overland. 04.12.2007 12:18 . https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_Royal_Air_Force_Nimrod_crash ", Wing Commander Michael Eagles – then head of air vehicle for the Nimrod, Wing Cdr Eagles was supposed to be in charge of managing production of the safety review. Haddon-Cave directly criticised 10 individuals in the report – five at the MoD, three at BAE Systems and two at QinetiQ – while throughout the review BAE Systems had been a company "in denial." This was the first of two Nimrods to be lost in 1995; it was followed by the crash of a Nimrod MR2 in Canada in September. A British Aerospace Nimrod MR.2P plane, serial XV239, was damaged beyond repair in an accident 0,8 km off Toronto, ON, Canada. Haddon-Cave accused Baber of a "fundamental failure of leadership" in drawing up the "safety case" into potential dangers in the fleet: "He failed to give the NSC (Nimrod safety case) the priority it deserved. It has a top speed of 575 mph (925 kph). Smoke entered t… This was the second loss of an RAF Nimrod in four months, following the ditching of a Nimrod R1 in May. Several hours after takeoff, the 14-member crew paused operations for in … It is also able to scan the ground and send real time video back to commanders at base. On 2 September 1995, a Royal Air Force Hawker Siddeley Nimrod aircraft crashed into Lake Ontario during an air display, killing all seven crew members on board. All Nimrods were grounded by the Ministry of Defence as of 31 March 2009 pending a vital safety modification. On Tuesday 16 May 1995, a Royal Air Force Nimrod R1 aircraft suffered an in-flight engine fire which led to the aircraft having to ditch in the Moray Firth. However, Bazalgette admitted: "They should not have been shredded and it was my fault that they were. [25], In March 2009 in response to the writ, the Ministry of Defence admitted responsibility for the deaths of the 14 servicemen aboard Nimrod aircraft XV230, after two families brought a landmark legal action using human rights law. Engine bay hot air ducts and fuel seals were to be replaced. This aircraft was converted from an MR2 to R1 following the crash of another R1, XW666. Concerns about the safety of the Nimrod fleet have continued to surface since the loss of XV230. In the days of the RAF chief engineer in the 1990s, you had to be on top of airworthiness. 1995 Royal Air Force Nimrod MR2 crash is similar to these airliner accidents: 2006 Royal Air Force Nimrod crash, 2013 Glasgow helicopter crash, 2010 Alaska USAF C-17 crash and more. In June/July 2006 XV230 was given the capability to transmit real-time video imagery from the MX-15 to ground stations and commanders. Capable of carrying 25 people, the crew normally consists of two pilots and a flight engineer on the flight deck, two navigators, an air electronics officer (with overall responsibility for sensors and communications), three operators of search and listening detectors and four avionics and weapon system operators. UK Aviation Museums, Worldwide Airshows 2017 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. 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