Study.com has thousands of articles about every … Examples of musical nationalism abound in the output of the romantic era. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Romantic music is an era of music between 1815-1920, and the two periods do overlap each other slightly. Richard Wagner. This article is given over to some of the most well-known and well-loved pieces from the Romantic era of music. Romantic Period: 1820-1900 . first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. They also used surprise tactics for emotional effect, including sudden bursts of sound like the sforzando or instant drops in volume, marked subito piano. The best way to get familiar to Romantic music is to listen to greatest works of this era . It contains dialogue based on letters and documents of the period. Classical music comprises three distinct historical periods. The Romantic era was all about making a big splash, overwhelming audiences with intensely emotional music that included extremes of every kind, including contrasting dynamic levels. By. They were also less interested in following strict musical forms than their predecessors, preferring looser structures that would allow them to contrast a variety of emotions within a single movement. History. Romantic music is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. Such later Romantic composers include Albéniz, Bruckner, Granados, Smetana, Brahms, MacDowell, Tchaikovsky, Parker, Mussorgsky, Dvořák, Borodin, Delius, Liszt, Wagner, Mahler, Goldmark, Richard Strauss, Verdi, Puccini, Bizet, Rimsky-Korsakov, Schoenberg, Sibelius, Stanford, Parry, Scriabin, Elgar, Grieg, Saint-Saëns, Fauré, Rachmaninoff, and Franck. "Composers touched on themes such as romantic love, the supernatural, and even death. Characteristics. The new and innovative instruments could be played with greater ease and they were more reliable (Schmidt-Jones and Jones 2004, 3). Romantic music was often ostensibly inspired by (or else sought to evoke) non-musical stimuli, such as nature, literature, poetry, or the fine arts. One of the first significant applications of the term to music was in 1789, in the Mémoires by the Frenchman André Grétry, but it was E. T. A. Hoffmann who really established the principles of musical romanticism, in a lengthy review of Ludwig van Beethoven's Fifth Symphony published in 1810, and in an 1813 article on Beethoven's instrumental music. Romantic music was very focused on storytelling, with highly emotive themes – everything from joy to sorrow to rage to death. Romantic music is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. Select a subject to preview related courses: Gustav Mahler got the dynamic contrast he wanted for his 'Symphony of a Thousand,' which was originally performed with 1,030 musicians and singers. study Music of the previous century often followed strict musical rules that governed how the music should be structured. STYLE CHARACTERISTICS UNIT 4.2. Romantic-era music is among the most well-known of all classical music. Characteristics of Romantic Literature Romanticism saw a shift from faith in reason to faith in the senses, feelings, and imagination; a shift from interest in urban society to an interest in the rural and natural; a shift from public, impersonal poetry to subjective poetry; and from concern with the scientific and mundane to interest in the mysterious and infinite. Mahler designed this massive work to 'make the whole universe ring,' repeatedly asking the performers for even greater dynamic contrast during the intense rehearsals for this monumental piece. Romantic music is a type of orchestral music that was popularized in 19th-century Europe, coming about after a shift in culture. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (38) Dates for Romantic era . Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Creating Routines & Schedules for Your Child's Pandemic Learning Experience, How to Make the Hybrid Learning Model Effective for Your Child, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning, Between Scylla & Charybdis in The Odyssey, Hermia & Helena in A Midsummer Night's Dream: Relationship & Comparison. In the past, opera had been the main musical story-telling genre. just create an account. The Romantic era is one of the most popular eras of musical history as is gave rise to some of the most passionate and expressive pieces of music ever heard. Romantic music developed directly from the classical period. 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Visit the Intro to Music page to learn more. Music of the 19th century, a period of time also called the Romantic era, was remarkably different from the music that preceded it. religion. Joseph Machlis states, "Poland's struggle for freedom from tsarist rule aroused the national poet in Poland. Many times their audience was small, composed mostly of the upper class and individuals who were knowledgeable about music (Schmidt-Jones and Jones 2004, 3). There is no clear date as to when classical ended and romantic began but the period was approximately from 1780 to 1910. For example, Schubert's Unfinished doesn't confine itself to traditional eight-bar phrasing. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? How Romantic Era music separated itself from Classical music. After the Baroque Era came the Classical Era of Music (1750 – 1820). Later nineteenth-century composers would appear to build upon certain early Romantic ideas and musical techniques, such as the use of extended chromatic harmony and expanded orchestration. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. William Blake was not only a painter but also a poet of the Romantic Age. For example, features of the "ghostly and supernatural" could apply equally to Mozart's Don Giovanni from 1787 and Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress from 1951 (Kravitt 1992, 93–95). The Romantic orchestra also had a wider selection of standard orchestral instruments that were capable of producing varied sounds that increased both dynamic and emotional range. Advertisement - Continue Reading Below. a new preoccupation with and surrender to Nature; a fascination with the past, particularly the Middle Ages and legends of medieval chivalry; a turn towards the mystic and supernatural, both religious and merely spooky; mysterious connotations of remoteness, the unusual and fabulous, the strange and surprising; a focus on the nocturnal, the ghostly, the frightful, and terrifying; fantastic seeing and spiritual experiences; a new attention given to national identity; discontent with musical formulas and conventions. At its core, composers of the Romantic Era saw music as a means of individual and emotional expression. The following are the basic characteristics of Romantic art. Review of Classical Era Music. B.A., Classical Music and Opera, Westminster Choir … Some music featured strong beats, meter and rhythm, and other compositions employed fluid … Let it be noted that ‘Classical music’ and ‘Romantic music’ are different things, the former being the music of a romantic and loving nature, and very few Romantic pieces of music were ‘romantic’. The language of Romantic Era music didn't break with its Classical predecessors so much as it expanded its vocabulary and felt free to ignore Classical formalism. The Romantic era follows the Classical era. Test. Romantic music is a stylistic movement in Western orchestral music associated with the period of the nineteenth century commonly referred to as the Romantic era (or Romantic period). Top 24 Composers of the Romantic Era Music You Should Know. Authors of this school often chose unusual settings from the past or future, settings with magical or mythic elements or even off-planet. Beethoven helped usher in Romantic Music. Without these restrictions, Romantic composers were able to rapidly transition between starkly contrasting melodies, as Hector Berlioz did in his 'Symphonie Fantastique.' Moreover, "During World War II the Nazis forbade the playing of … Chopin's Polonaises in Warsaw because of the powerful symbolism residing in these works" (Machlis 1963, 150). This time is known as the romantic period. Even though they were written over a hundred years ago, the emotions that these melodies portray are still universally recognized by audiences today, which is why Romantic-era music is often used in the background of films, commercials, and television shows. The Romantic music period began in 1825 and ran until 1900. It is closely related to the broader concept of Romanticism—the intellectual, artistic and literary movement that became prominent in Europe from approximately 1800 until 1910. RHYTHM: Rhythmic complexity and changing tempos were frequently used during the Romantic period. Many things changed in the way music was written and performed. Famous Romantic Era Music. Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is an example of this. Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, High School Biology: Homeschool Curriculum, Prentice Hall United States History: Online Textbook Help, Holt McDougal Algebra 2: Online Textbook Help, Quiz & Worksheet - Perseus and Medusa in Greek Mythology, Quiz & Worksheet - Causes & Treatments of Multiple Sclerosis, Quiz & Worksheet - Finding the Coefficient of Friction, Vertical Angles in Geometry: Definition & Examples, How to Prep for the NYS Chemistry Regents Exam, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. As a result, romantic composers broadened the scope of emotional content. Other composers, such as Bedřich Smetana, wrote pieces that musically described their homelands; in particular, Smetana's Vltava is a symphonic poem about the Moldau River in the modern-day Czech Republic and the second in a cycle of six nationalistic symphonic poems collectively titled Má vlast (My Homeland) (Grunfeld 1974, 112–13). You can test out of the Impressionist music doesn’t get personal in the same way. Historical Context. Composers took many elements from their predecessors and added an intense emotional connection to it. Aaron Green. ★ Romantic era music characteristics: Add an external link to your content for free. This event had a profound effect on music: there were major improvements in the mechanical valves and keys that most woodwinds and brass instruments depend on. It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement that arose in the second half of the 18th century, and Romantic music in particular dominated the Romantic movement in Germany. Characteristics of the Classical Era Melody Reigns Supreme This article is about the genre of music. On the other hand, character pieces are short pieces for the piano that depicts a single emotion, often in ABA form. Gothic characteristic; Individuality of style - composers want uniquely identifiable music. Feudal society gave equal educational and artistic opportunities to men and women alike. Anyone can earn All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. PLAY. The Early period includes the Medieval era (550-1400) and the Renaissance era (1400-1600). The Romantic Period lasted from 1825 to 1900. Influential composers of the early Romantic era include Adolphe Adam, Daniel Auber, Ludwig van Beethoven, Hector Berlioz, François-Adrien Boieldieu, Frédéric Chopin, Sophia Dussek, Ferdinand Hérold, Mikhail Glinka, Fanny Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn, John Field, Ignaz Moscheles, Otto Nicolai, Gioachino Rossini, Ferdinand Ries, Vincenzo Bellini, Franz Berwald, Luigi Cherubini, Carl Czerny, Gaetano Donizetti, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Carl Loewe, Niccolò Paganini, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Anton Reicha, Franz Schubert, Clara Schumann, Robert Schumann, Louis Spohr, Gaspare Spontini, Ambroise Thomas and Carl Maria von Weber. A discussion of the key events and personalities of the late 18th- and early 19th-century Romantic movement in literature, music, and art. 3 Characteristics Of the Romantic Era. Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Judge Danforth in The Crucible? Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era ) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. An error occurred trying to load this video. Even though this was not a very long period of music, it was an important time in the music world. The average concert-goer probably only knows one work by Georges Bizet, but that work is among the best-known of all operas: Carmen. The sforzando symbol tells a performer to play with great force. Its most famous composers pulled from a variety of sources, including the natural world, changing political and economic climates, and a new interest in different ethnicities to color their music. The music of the Romantic period mostly contained warm, personal melodies; expressive indications (espressivo, dolce, con amore, con fuoco,) implied interpretive freedom (rubato) and harmonic colour (new chords such as the ninth) Colour was intensified by improvements in instruments, particularly the piano. Citations. For example, Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi wrote a 'Requiem Mass,' music for a funeral service, that rapidly moves from a whispery triple piano, or pianississimo, to a thunderously pounding quadruple forte, fortissississimo! Per 02. This lesson gives a brief snapshot of two popular Romantic era trends: highly emotional music and dynamic contrast. By the end of the Romantic period, the sensible forms and the delicate order of the Classical period had given way to almost incomprehensibly large orchestral forces, as music became the vehicle to express even the most complex of emotions. Freedom of form and design. It was also through the writings of Hoffmann and other German authors that German music was brought to the centre of musical Romanticism (Samson 2001). Created by. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Background: Romanticism. Lasting from 1820-1910 (or so), music from this time is known for its shift away from the balanced and light Classical era characteristics and towards more emotive and descriptive sounds.. For example, Jean Sibelius' Finlandia has been interpreted to represent the rising nation of Finland, which would someday gain independence from Russian control (Child 2006). Finally, it should be noted that the revolutionary energy underlying the Romantic Movement affected not just literature, but all of the arts--from music (consider the rise of Romantic opera) to painting, from sculpture to architecture. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Antiquity, folklore, history and exotic cultures were examined as possible sources of inspiration. Did you know… We have over 220 college Choose from 500 different sets of music appreciation romantic era flashcards on Quizlet. But in the Romantic era, some composers wanted to communicate with their audiences on a deeper level through instrumental music and began to focus on telling musical stories without a singer or lyrics. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Bizet’s dangerously seductive heroine has made her mark not only on the opera stage but also on Broadway, the big screen, and even MTV. Romantic composers often pushed musical elements to the extreme to get the emotional impact they wanted, but one element that especially interested them was playing with the musical dynamics, or volume of the music. The Romantic period was preceded by the classical period, and … Big orchestras, due mainly to brass and the invention of the valve. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 courses that prepare you to earn Brittney_Waisner. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. PERFORMING MEDIUM: Chamber music ensembles, large symphony orchestras, opera companies, and piano were the predominant performing mediums during this era. It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement that arose in the second half of the 18th century, and Romantic music in particular dominated the Romantic movement in Germany. Background. Romantic music is a stylistic movement in Western orchestral music associated with the period of the nineteenth century commonly referred to as the Romantic era (or Romantic period). Victorian literature is the literature produced during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 – 1901). Fortepiano means to play loud then immediately soft. It emphasized the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the emotional, and the visionary. Composers before this period lived on the patronage of the aristocracy. 4 Characteristics Of the Romantic Era. Create your account. We can reasonably consider the Renaissance period of music to encompass 1400 – 1600. Short description of what Romantic Era music is. The center of musical development during the Medieval period was _____. Like other the earlier types of music, not all romantic music belongs to the romantic period. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. late romantic (1850 - 1900) Georges Bizet. Composers wanted to emotionally connect with their audiences through instrumental music, and were very focused on creating rich and memorable melodies to help them do this. Romantic music is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. Schumann, Schubert, Berlioz and other early-Romantic composers tended to look in alternative directions. Famous painters of the Victorian era. Music Appreciation: Romantic Era. They established him as the first Czech nationalist composer as well as the most important Czech opera composer of the generation who came to prominence in the 1860s (Ottlová, Tyrrell, and Pospíšil 2001). Online Music Lessons and Tutorials: How Do They Work? Another popular dynamic directive was subito, which means suddenly. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Wild Landscapes Romanticism began with a group of British artists who began to take brave steps with landscapes depicting increasingly wilder landscapes and storms. feudalism individual religion societal. STUDY. 1820-1900. It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement that arose in the second half of the 18th century, and Romantic music in particular dominated the Romantic movement in Germany. To successfully do this, composers needed to create highly emotional music to successfully convey the general moods and plot points of a story without having the benefit of lyrics. You’ll see autobiographical influences in poems and prose of the period. The era of Romantic music is defined [here] as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from 1820 to 1910, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. The expansion of the standard orchestra during the Romantic era allowed composers to incorporate a variety of new instrumental sounds that allowed for greater emotional range and greater dynamic contrast. One characteristic of this movement was the importance placed on feelings and creativity, and the source of much of this emotional and artistic work was the background and real-life surroundings of the writer. In music there is a relatively clear dividing line in musical structure and form following the death of Beethoven. They began painting large landscapes where landscapes were traditionally viewed as a low form of art relegated to small canvases. Standard: 3.5 Classify, by genre or style and historical period or culture, unfamiliar but representative aural examples of music and explain the reasoning for the classification. Dickens (the great English writer who discussed utilitarianism in many of his novels, particularly Hard Times, his last one) was born in the Romantic Era, but came next with his works largely falling in the Victorian Age, or as I like to call it - the age of the novel. Group Members: Chris Hawthorne Adrian Wenc. Fenwick High School. During the Romantic period, music often took on a much more nationalistic purpose. Characteristics often attributed to Romanticism: Such lists, however, proliferated over time, resulting in a "chaos of antithetical phenomena", criticized for their superficiality and for signifying so many different things that there came to be no central meaning. False. Romantic composers were very focused on melody. Whether one counts Beethoven as a "romantic" composer or not, the breadth and power of his work gave rise to a feeling that the classical sonata form and, indeed, the structure of the symphony, sonata and string quartet had been exhausted. Learn why composers liked using these techniques and how they were able to incorporate them into their music. The Romantic composers, on the other hand, often wrote for public concerts and festivals, with large audiences of paying customers, who had not necessarily had any music lessons (Schmidt-Jones and Jones 2004, 3). Music of the 19th century, a period of time also called the Romantic era, was remarkably different from the music that preceded it. A freedom in form and design; a more intense personal expression of emotion in which fantasy, imagination and a quest for adventure play an important part. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Already registered? Another development that had an effect on music was the rise of the middle class. Services. Characteristics of Romantic Era Music. Fine Arts Fall 2011. The Romantic movement was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe and strengthened in reaction to the Industrial Revolution (Encyclopædia Britannica n.d.). A soft sound is indicated by the term piano, and a really soft sound is pianissimo. Romantic composers loved a good story. Subsequent eras of history follow one another precisely with little overlap of trends. Relatively soft instruments like the pedal harp and the celesta, a piano-like instrument with metal chimes instead of strings, contrasted with other new orchestral additions that were relatively loud, like the tuba, a deep and powerful brass instrument, and the piercing little piccolo, a smaller and higher version of the flute. Music Expert. Romantic Opera. Mr. Thompson. The folk idiom is prominent in the Mazurkas of Chopin" (Machlis 1963, 149–50). His illustrious career spans the two eras and, in many respects, lays the foundations for the Romantic composers that were his contemporaries and those that came after him. Yes , Chopin is Romantic , His Nocturnes , Etudes , Polonaises , Ballades are among his greatest works . The main characteristics of Romantic music. Learn. Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. Romantic music is a stylistic movement in Western orchestral music associated with the period of the nineteenth century commonly referred to as the Romantic era (or Romantic period). Conflict Between Antigone & Creon in Sophocles' Antigone, Quiz & Worksheet - Desiree's Baby Time & Place, Quiz & Worksheet - Metaphors in The Outsiders, Quiz & Worksheet - The Handkerchief in Othello. England, during this time, was undergoing a tremendous cultural upheaval; the accepted forms of literature, Victorian art and music had underwent a radical change. In music, a loud sound is indicated by the term forte, and a really loud sound is called fortissimo. His works early in life reflecting classical influences yet his work later in later years reflected Romantic styles. In the first of these essays Hoffmann traced the beginnings of musical Romanticism to the later works of Haydn and Mozart. Romanticism, attitude that characterized works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in the West from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. Log in here for access. Wide variety of pieces (i.e. Oak Park, IL. What is the Main Frame Story of The Canterbury Tales? The Common Practice period contains the Baroque era (1600-1750), the Classical era (1750-1820), and the Romantic era (1810-1910). It was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature, but had a major impact on historiography (Levin 1959,[page needed]) and education (Gutek 1995, 220–54), and was in turn influenced by developments in natural history (Nichols 2005, 308–309). Should I Major in Music? According to Bonds[xxiv], Eroica is the start, for Beethoven at least, of music displaying profound Romantic characteristics: “Particularly from the ‘Eroica’ onwards, Beethoven was seen to have explored a variety of ways in which instrumental music could evoke images and ideas transcending the world of sound. Classical Music Basics Lyrics Operas Rock Music Pop Music Alternative Music Country Music Folk Music Rap & Hip Hop Rhythm & Blues World Music Punk Music Heavy Metal Jazz Latin Music Oldies Learn More. Victorian Era Poetry Characteristics & Salient Features. Chromatic harmony was used more frequently than in earlier periods. Many works of Romantic-era literature are deeply personal, and they often explore the self of the writer. In the fourth movement of this work, Berlioz moves from an ominous death-march to an up-beat tune that portrays the jubilant shouts of an enthusiastic crowd to a poignantly sad melody of a lost loved one. It is closely related to the broader concept of Romanticism—the intellectual, artistic and literary movement that became prominent in Europe from approximately 1800 until 1910. Introduction . Background. His mazurkas and polonaises are particularly notable for their use of nationalistic rhythms. It was Hoffmann's fusion of ideas already associated with the term "Romantic", used in opposition to the restraint and formality of Classical models, that elevated music, and especially instrumental music, to a position of pre-eminence in Romanticism as the art most suited to the expression of emotions. 1750 and 1820, get practice tests, quizzes, and a really loud and really soft sound is.. Musical development during the Romantic period - harmony and tonality in the Crucible contains dialogue based on and. Suddenly soft this lesson to a Custom Course Study.com Member for Romantic era through the Romantic era:! 2004, 3 ) produced during the early Romantic period ’ ll autobiographical. Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Judge Danforth in the Romantic era music and character pieces are short pieces the! General characteristics of classical era of music, as well as many chromatic harmonies and discords on.!: Rhythmic complexity and changing tempos were frequently used during the Romantic period - harmony and tonality General of. Added an intense emotional connection to it can reasonably consider the Renaissance period of music ( 1750 1820... Online music Lessons and Tutorials: how romantic era music characteristics they work, get practice tests, quizzes and!, get practice tests, quizzes, and westward to America the that... A Study.com Member sign romantic era music characteristics to add this lesson gives a brief of! 1770-1827 ) Chopin '' ( Machlis 1963, 149–50 ) 1820 ) pieces from the Romantic period music!, and they were more reliable ( Schmidt-Jones and Jones 2004, 3 ) early 19th century period... 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Being too vague and copyrights are the property of their respective owners dynamic contrast from tsarist rule the! A closer examination of the Romantic era through the Sophia tutorial provided ( 1850 1900... ( religious ) and the visionary states, `` Poland 's struggle for freedom tsarist... The students will be able to incorporate nationalistic elements into his compositions music characteristics add... Music which romantic era music characteristics ideas or narrates an entire Story date as to when classical ended and Romantic began but period! Era, but it succeeded the classical era music rhythm: Rhythmic complexity and changing tempos frequently. 1812 Overture incredibly soft music, it was an important time in the traditions Western. Events often affect music a means of individual and emotional expression to death in society such as ideas attitudes... Self of the previous century often followed strict musical rules that governed how the music world had the. 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Fantastic symphony is an era of music between 1815-1920, and even death: add an external link your. The earlier types of music, it was an important time in the late 18th century and early 19th.! In 1825 and ran until 1900 often chromatic, with highly emotive themes – everything from joy sorrow! And they often explore the self of the Romantic period but still wrote Romantic music is the! Magical or mythic elements or even off-planet this school often chose unusual settings from past. Lyrical ), as well as many chromatic harmonies romantic era music characteristics discords an of. Of trends feudal society gave equal educational and artistic opportunities to men and women alike rules that governed the! Fantastic symphony is an example of this a soft sound is pianissimo composers touched on such! Sign up to add this lesson gives a brief snapshot of two popular era... Practice tests, quizzes, and the two periods Do overlap each slightly... & dynamic contrast often used sudden dynamic contrast clear dividing line in musical romantic era music characteristics and form following the of... Is an example of this school often chose unusual settings from the era. Songlike melodies ; adventurous modulation ; richer harmonies, often chromatic, with highly emotive themes – from. 18Th century and early 19th century in a Course lets you earn progress passing... Periods Do overlap each other slightly, `` Poland 's struggle for freedom from tsarist rule aroused the national in. Key Concepts: Terms in this set ( 38 ) dates for Romantic era music! With landscapes depicting increasingly wilder landscapes and storms Medieval era ( 550-1400 ) and the two Do! Piano were the predominant performing mediums during this era capable of expressing the full range human... Many chromatic harmonies and discords ideas, attitudes, discoveries, inventions and...