answer choices . The Maurya empire, an Iron Age historical power reigned the Indian subcontinent from 322 BC to 185 BC. Ans. Mauryan Empire Objective Type Questions & Answers for competitive exams. India became united under one rule, and had very prosperous cultural and political years during the Mughal rule. 26 The head of a district (Ahara), the principal co-ordinator of the revenue and the officer – in-charge of general and military functions in his jurisdiction during Mauryan Empire was known as A. Krori B. Rajuka C. Faujdar D. Chirastadar. The Mauryan imperial polity held sway over nearly three quarters of India’s landmass for a period little less than two centuries. Mauryan administration can be divided into four divisions: central, provincial, district and village. According to Megasthenese, 600,000 infantry, 30,000 cavalry, and 9,000 war elephants were exercised by the empire. The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya but reached its zenith under Ashoka. Famous monk of his time Upgupta. Officers of the Mauryan Empire: Easy to Learn Compilation. The Mauryan Empire was the extensive and most prosperous Empire of that time. The Sunga dynasty had a line of ten rulers. 49. Who was the incharge of a village during Mauryan period? After the Mauryan rule Pushyamitra, the founder of the Sunga dynasty established his rule. Thus, in all probability, the Mauryan Empire had the largest army in the world at the time. The Mauryan Empire in fact was the first unified Indian state, and it consisted of numerous characteristics inherited from the former political structure and of tribal traditions. The northern province, called Uttarapatha, had Taxila as its capital; the western province, known as Avantipatha, had its capital in Ujjain; Prachyapatha with its capital Toshali (Kalinga) formed the eastern province while Dakshinapatha with its capital Suvarnagiri was the southernmost province. He had the supreme executive, legislative and judicial power and functions in the government. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The head of the provincial administration was the Kumara (royal prince), who governed the provinces as king's representative. Ashoka, at Sarnath. The trade routes were called Vanikpatha. Weapon manufacturing & defence department. The concept of non-violence & other similar ideas of Asoka’s Dhamma are identical with the teachings of Buddha. 50. The Mauryan emperors tried to exercise effective control on all aspects of life and on all institutions. Polity and Administration. Krori; Rajuka; Faujdar; Chirastadar; 20. The head of Departments 5. Mauryan concept of Universal Empire was linked with the extension of Mauryan Empire along with Buddhism through spread of Buddhism beyond the boundaries of India as it is clear that Buddhism spread in the largest part of Asia, i.e. I bought it and found it to be the best available online." to follow the path of ahimsa or non-violence towards humans &  animals. As with any other great empire, the genesis of Maurya Empire was in the economic and military strength of its heartland and the ability of its leaders to asset their military power beyond their frontiers. The king, as the head of the administration, was assisted by a council of ministers. The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power in ancient India, ruled by the Maurya dynasty from 322-185 BCE. Tosali (in the east), Ujjain (in the west), Suvarnagiri (in the south) and Taxila (in the north) were the four provincial capitals. Some of the principles put forth for the state were: Some of the principles advocated for individuals were: Other Important Points For Mauryan Empire: Causes For The Decline Of The Mauryan Empire, Download Ancient Indian History By Makkhan Lal, wnload Ancient Indian History By Romila Thapar, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims in Hindi, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Mains, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Mains in Hindi, UPSC Topper 2013 Gaurav Agrawal Notes For IAS Preparation, Difference Between Mitochondria and Chloroplasts, Symbiotic and Non-Symbiotic Fixation of Nitrogen. SURVEY . We write simple, easy to understand articles, but always ensure high standards of quality. Besides these works of art, rock cut caves, palaces and buildings are exemplary as also noted by the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien. The Mughal Empire ruled hundreds of millions of people. [, In his edicts, Asoka assumed two titles –, Accoding to Buddhist sources, Asoka was the son of, 21st year of his reign, he visited Lumbini, the birth place of Buddha & fixed the land revenue at a concessional, He organised the third Buddhist Council (250 B.C.) to ensure fast & effective justice to people. But he did not equate Dhamma with Buddhist teachings. Chandragupta perhaps inspired by Alexander of Macedonia, was raising an army and looking for opportunities to establish a kingdom of his own. They instituted special monitoring systems and a secret police. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Ashokan inscriptions refer to three classes of high officials, namely the Rajukas, Yuktas and the Mahamatras. A study of the Arthasastra in conjunction with the edicts provides information […] Ashoka, like previous Mauryan kings, was at the head of the centralized administrative system. In how many adhikaranas is the Kautilya’s ‘Artjasjastra’ divided. As the head of the executive, the Mauryan king maintained social order by punishing the guilty. Rated among the best, emerging online test preparation startups, Clear IAS also offers for free, the popular Clear IAS android app. The Mauryan Empire was separated into four territories. Maurya Dynasty – History Notes – History English notes Maurya Dynasty. (ix) Kunyadhyaksha - Officer of the forest matters (iv) Yuvaraj - Officials belonging to the royal family (x) Ayudhadhyaksha - Officer of weapon manufacturing and (v) Pratihara or … He was to collect report from th… He was responsible for the safety and security of his kingdom. The Mauryan Empire indicates the triumph of monarchy as a political system over tribal republics. The Mauryan state in its early years undertook some measures that were positive for the development of society. Senapati was the name for the commander-in-chief. UPSC: Latest News, IAS, IPS, UPSC Online Preparation, Last updated on November 15, 2016 by Clear IAS Team. Chandragupta Maurya was … Your email address will not be published. Sri Gupta, the founder of the Gupta dynasty was succeeded by- Ghatotkacha. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya but reached its zenith under Ashoka. Mauryan Empire MCQ is important for exams like IBPS, SCC, UPSC, NET etc. The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 322 B.C. Tells us about the political administration of the Mauryan Empire. The head of a district (Ahara), the principal co-ordinator of the revenue and the officer – in-charge of general and military functions in his jurisdiction during Mauryan Empire was known as. 20 seconds . Chandragupta Maurya : He is also known as “ … In the Mauryan Empire, who were entrusted with the secretarial work and accounting- Yuktas. This work of art has been used by the Indian Government as its emblem till now. The, The name Asoka (Sorrow free) occurs only once in the Maski edict. Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain (modern Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh) in the eastern side of the Indian su… Who controlled a Janapada or a district comprising one hundred villages in the Mauryan Empire- Sthanika. The central adminis­tration made … KINGDOMS AFTER THE MAURYAN EMPIRE The Sungas. He took all the important decisions of the empire. The chief source of income was land revenue, which varied from. The weaknesses of the last Nanda ruler of Magadha Empire paved the way for Chandragupta Maurya to establish his kingdom in Magadha. Above the gramika was a gopa who was the head of ten villages & the sthanika who controlled a janapada or a district comprising one hundred villages. Sri Gupta, the founder of the Gupta dynasty was succeeded by- Ghatotkacha. Explanation: Happy New year The Mauryan Empire is believed to have had an army of 600,000 infantry, 30,000 cavalry and 9,000 war elephants. The Mauryan Empire (324–185 BCE), based in the Gangetic plains of India and with its capital city at Pataliputra (modern Patna), was one of many small political dynasties of the early historic period whose development included the original growth of urban centers, coinage, writing, and eventually, Buddhism. Tells us about the religious life of the Mauryas. Ans. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. By whom and where the four lion-head pillar was constructed? The village was the smallest unit of an administration. About Prelims Marathon – In this initiative, we post 10 high-quality MCQs daily. The head of the district administration was the Pradeshika. The vast Mauryan Empire stretching from the valley of the Oxus to the delta of Kaveri was given a well knit common administration. The head of a district (Ahara), the principal coordinator of the revenue and the officer in charge of general and military functions in his jurisdiction during Mauryan Empire was known as A). If the Mauryan Empire did not survive for long, it could be because of the failure of the successors of Asoka to hold on to the principles that could make success of such an empire. Q. 2 Required fields are marked *, "Working 24*7 in the police for the last 5 years and been out of touch with the preparation, I took the guidance from your website, especially the ClearIAS prelims test series. The Mauryan Administration System The Mauryan administration system was efficient and monarchical. This history section consists of questions related to Tamil Sangam age and Mauryan empire. The decreasing content of silver in the currency also indicate that the royal treasury was depleting and it was not possible to maintain a central administration … This was close to the Ganges River in the advanced territory of Bihar in India. As with any other great empire, the genesis of Maurya Empire was in the economic and military strength of its heartland and the ability of its leaders to asset their military power beyond their frontiers. Mauryan Empire Important Facts: Chandragupta Maurya (321-297 B.C. They were Tosali in the east, Ujjain in the west, Suvarnagiri in the south, and Taxila in the north. Mauryan administration can be divided into four divisions: central, provincial, district and village. This organizational structure was reflected at the imperial level with … The king was the supreme and sovereign authority of the Mauryan Empire Administration. Provincial Administration: The Whole empire was divided into 5 … Who is the administrative head of a district? The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. The Mauryan empire was a centralised empire and after the death of Ashoka, there were a succession of weak rulers who ruled for a short time. to promote education among the population at large. Archaeologically, the period of Mauryan rule in South Asia falls into the era of Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW). MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION The Mauryan empire was the largest state in the whole of the ancient world, and they form a new government i.e., centralized government THE KINGS: • Kings were described as Devanampriya, beloved of the god. ClearIAS provides free IAS online coaching, guidance, strategies, books, online study-materials and mock tests with a vision that no candidate should be left out of UPSC exam competition due to in-accessibility of expensive IAS classroom coaching. ): Bindusara (297 – 272 B.C): Asoka: Asoka’s Dhamma: Some of the principles put forth for the state were: Some of the principles advocated for individuals were: Measures for propagation: Mauryan Empire- Administration: Mauryan Empire- Art & Architecture: We have read the sources that give us knowledge about the Mauryan Empire.So, here we are going to discuss rulers and the administration of the Mauryan Empire.. Chandragupta Maurya (b) Mauryan City Administration. Inspired by Alexander, Chandragupta led a revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them. 273 - 297 AD. Page-14 section-1 These short solved … Greek historians have recorded his name as “Sandrakottus” or “Sandrakoptus”, which are evidently modified forms of Chandragupta. The Mauryan emperors tried to exercise effective control on all aspects of life and on all institutions. 49. Who was the incharge of a village during Mauryan period? The Mauryan Dynasty was founded by Chandragupta Maurya who was the king from 321 to 298 B.C.The other important rulers of this dynasty were Bindusara and Ashoka. Mauryan Empire MCQ Questions and answers with easy explanations. The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 322 B.C. Ans. ADVERTISEMENTS: Mauryan Administration: The establishment of the Mauryan empire in contrast to the earlier smaller kingdoms ushered in a new form of government, that of a centralized empire. As its emblem till now of having successful administrators such as Chandragupta Maurya rule Pushyamitra the. Kumara ( royal Prince ), who governed the provinces as king 's representative,... Sunga dynasty had a line of ten rulers and Answers with easy.! Success in the history of India ’ s Dhamma are identical with the imperial to. 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